Maxime Weygand


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Weygand, Maxime

 

Born Jan. 21, 1867, in Brussels; died Jan. 28, 1965, in Paris. French general, member of the Academy of Sciences of France (1931).

Weygand graduated from the military school of St. Cyr in 1887. He fought in World War I; in November 1917 he became a member of the Superior Council of War and in March 1918 chief of staff of the supreme commander in chief. In 1920-22 he was chief of a military mission in Poland for the training and supply of the Polish Army. From 1930 to 1935, Weygand was chief of the General Staff, vice-president of the Superior Council of War, and inspector of the armies. In 1937 he participated in the fascist movement of the Cagoulards. In early 1939 he was appointed commander in chief of the French troops in Syria and Lebanon. On May 19, 1940, he became chief of staff of national defense and supreme commander in chief and was one of the organizers of the capitulation of France. From July to September 1940 Weygand was minister of national defense of the Vichy government and then general representative of the government in French Africa. He concluded an agreement with the USA in 1941. In November 1942 he was arrested by the Germans and detained in a camp until 1945. After the liberation Weygand faced a military tribunal but was acquitted in 1948.

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References in periodicals archive ?
There was also General Maurice Gamelin, replaced for his inability to contain the May 1940 German invasion, along with the man who relieved him, long-serving General Maxime Weygand. Weygand couldn't hold back the Germans either and threw in his lot with those seeking an armistice.
Maxime Weygand: A Biography of the French General in Two World Wars.
Overshadowed by both Philippe Petain and Charles de Gaulle in postwar narratives of the French ordeal of 1940-1944, Maxime Weygand represents, perhaps as well as either of those two did, the military establishment that confronted the defeat to the Germans and the subsequent choices that produced and guided the Vichy regime.
No one knows the identity of Maxime Weygand's parents.
Among them were the second-ranking member of the Reynaud administration, the 84-year-old Marshal Petain, and the Commander-in-Chief, Maxime Weygand, somewhat less ancient at 73.
They profile operational chiefs such as James Guthrie Harbord, Maxime Weygand, Louis-Alexandre Berthier, Fritz von Lossberg, Hans von Seeckt, and Erich Ludendorff, their relationships with commanders and subordinates, and their management style.
On reaching Algiers, Murphy quickly negotiated an agreement with the Vichy French leader, General Maxime Weygand, for the delivery of much-needed American consumer goods to North Africa, with the deliveries to be monitored by a dozen U.S.
Maxime Weygand (May 19); arrested on charges of responsibility for the French defeat (September 6, 1940), he was imprisoned; tried before the French High Court at Riom (February 19, 1942), he refused to testify or participate, and was returned to prison when proceedings adjourned (April 11); deported by the Germans, and held in Buchenwald (near Weimar) and later Itter (March 1943-May 1945); after his release by American troops, he returned to France; published his three-volume memoir Servir (1946-47); died in Paris (April 18, 1958).
(I made my own small contribution to this growing historiographical field with a biography of Maxime Weygand, published in 2008, including chapters on the general's extreme, courageous Vichy opposition to the Nazis, via supervision of spying aiding the British, preservation of a relatively free French North Africa to Americans and British present there at the time of TORCH, etc.)
Georges Clemenceau, Raymond Poincare, and Edouard Herriot figure largely in this book; Pierre Laval, Maxime Weygand, Maurice Gamelin, and Edouard Daladier, somewhat less.
F., Maxime Weygand and Civil-Military Relations in Modern France.
Maxime Weygand's headquarters, and accompanied him as commander of Vichy forces in North Africa after the fall of France (June 1940); remained in Algeria after Weygand was dismissed (November 1941) and served on the staff of Gen.