Maximian


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Related to Maximian: Galerius, Maxentius, Constantius

Maximian

(Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus) (măksĭm`ēən), d. 310, Roman emperor, with DiocletianDiocletian
(Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus) , 245–313, Roman emperor (284–305), b. near Salona, Dalmatia (the modern Split, Croatia). Of humble birth, he obtained high military command under Probus and Aurelian and fought under Carus in Persia.
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 (286–305). An able commander, he was made caesar (subemperor) by Diocletian in 285 and augustus in 286. He was in general charge of the empire in the West but failed to put down the revolt of Carausius. Two new caesars, GaleriusGalerius
(Caius Galerius Valerius Maximinianus) , d. 310, Roman emperor (305–10). Diocletian appointed him caesar for the eastern part of the empire in 293 (Constantius I was caesar of the West). He had to conduct hard campaigns in Pannonia and Asia.
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 and Constantius IConstantius I
(Constantius Chlorus) , c.250–306, Roman emperor (305–6). A career general, he gave up Helena to marry Theodora, the daughter of Maximian. He was made caesar (subemperor) under Maximian in 293 and gained prestige when his forces defeated the rebel
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, were created in 293, and Constantius was successful against Carausius. Maximian abdicated with Diocletian in 305, but the death of Constantius in 306 brought confusion to the political scene—there was a struggle for power among SeverusSeverus
(Flavius Valerius Severus), d. 307, Roman emperor (306–7). He participated with Galerius in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow Maxentius. Surrendering to Maximian (father of Maxentius) at Ravenna on the condition that his life be spared, Severus was taken to Rome.
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 (d.307), Galerius, Constantine (Constantine IConstantine I
or Constantine the Great
, 288?–337, Roman emperor, b. Naissus (present-day Niš, Serbia). He was the son of Constantius I and Helena and was named in full Flavius Valerius Constantinus.
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, son of Constantius), and MaxentiusMaxentius
(Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius) , d. 312, Roman emperor (306–12), son of Maximian. After Diocletian and Maximian had retired, the successor to Maximian, Constantius, died.
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 (son of Maximian). Maximian plunged into the conflict, at first to aid his son in Italy; he captured Severus, repulsed Galerius, and won over Constantine, to whom he gave his daughter Fausta in marriage. Then Maximian and Maxentius became enemies, and, having failed to depose his son, Maximian fled to Constantine and abdicated again (308). He could not, however, rest content but revolted against Constantine. In 310 he was forced to commit suicide.

Maximian

 

(Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus). Born A.D. 240; died 310. Roman emperor in 286-305 and 307-310. Son of a peasant from Pannonia.

Maximian rose to the highest ranks of military service. In 285, Diocletian proclaimed him Caesar, and in 286 Augustus, his coruler. Maximian was noted for his harshness in suppressing the uprisings of the Bagaudae in Gaul (285) and the German tribes (286). In 290-291 he repulsed the onslaught of the Mauretanian tribes in Africa. He supported Diocletian’s reforms. In 305, with Diocletian, he renounced the throne, but in 307 he declared himself Augustus again. He was killed in a struggle for power. (According to the official version, he committed suicide.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Ossius, who witnessed Maximian's persecution leading up to the death of the five Cordobese martyrs and who, at this moment (second quarter of IV century), was perfectly able to detect the first signs of the martyrdom cult born in Rome, Jerusalem and other imperial cities (in many cases encouraged by Constantine and his closest circle (cfr.
Fabiola's heritage differed markedly from Maximian's barbarianism.
Saint Adrian of Nicomedia, according to the De probatis sanctorum 5:123-31, was a Herculian guard in the service of Maximian, charged with torturing Christians.
88-133 Maximian Hercules (295/6), mint of Heraclea (Williams and Zervos 1989, no.
Some of the basilica's mosaics represent scenes from the Old Testament, while the Museo also boasts the magnificent 6th-century ivory throne of St Maximian.
When they refused, they and their commander Mauritius were murdered on the order of Emperor Maximian. Three hundred years later the Abbey of Saint-Maurice was founded near their place of martyrdom.
Although classical rhetoricians had prescribed the corporeal description of persons, the actual example of its progression to moral character occurred later, in Maximian's elegy.
Realizing that the task of keeping invaders and rebels at bay was too big for one man, he chose a deputy, his friend Maximian, and gave him the title of emperor and the western half of the empire, with a separate army and administration.
It is likely enough that after Marcellinus' fate there was an interval, while the persecution actively continued, before the selection of Marcellus; and it is also likely, though not certain, that nothing was done until after the abdication of Diocletian and Maximian on 1 May 305.
tends to a rather hasty Palamite reading of Maximian vocabulary.
Even more surprising, however, is the fact that this legend was slow in getting started, almost five centuries passed from the time of her martyrdom, 'traditionally associated with the persecution under Diocletian and Maximian (AD 305-13)' to the first flourishing of the cult.
305 and 309, so Gordian, near whose villa it was erected, is no contestant -- in fact, after reviewing possible rulers of that period (Maximian, Constantius Chlorus, etc.), Rasch comes to the sad but inevitable conclusion (p.