Maximilian Von Spee

(redirected from Maximilian , Graf von Spee)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Spee, Maximilian Von


Born June 22, 1861, in Copenhagen; died Dec. 8, 1914, near the Falkland Islands. German vice admiral. Count.

Spee entered the navy in 1878. In 1912 he became the commander of a cruiser squadron in the Pacific Ocean. After the outbreak of World War I, Spee took his squadron to the waters of South America. On Nov. 1, 1914, he defeated a British cruiser squadron in a battle at Coronel off the Chilean coast. On Dec. 8, 1914, Spee was defeated by a strong British squadron off the Falkland Islands. Spee went down with his flagship, the cruiser Scharnhorst.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.