Maksimilian Voloshin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Voloshin, Maksimilian Aleksandrovich


(pseudonym of Kirienko-Voloshin). Born May 16 (28), 1877, in Kiev; died Aug. 11, 1932, in Koktebel’, now Planerskoe. Russian poet.

Voloshin began publishing in 1900. He was widely traveled: he knew all of Russia and Europe and had visited Egypt. In 1900 he settled in Koktebel’. His main collections are Poems (l91Q)’,Anno mundi ardentis (1916), Iverni (1918), and the book of articles Faces of Creation (1914). Voloshin did not belong to any literary group. His poems, not free from the decadent mood, were marked by philosophical depth, precise form, and refined lyricism. In an attempt to cut himself off from the sharp political struggle during the years of the Civil War, Voloshin tried to reconcile the hostile sides, hiding Reds from the Whites and Whites from the Reds in his house. His poems of this period are marked by tragedy. In 1924, with the approval of the People’s Commisariat for Enlightenment, Voloshin turned his house in Koktebel’ into a free House of Creation. At the present time it is the House of Creation of the Literary Fund of the USSR. Voloshin was also a watercolorist. His works are on exhibit in the I. K. Aivazovskii Gallery in Feodosiia.


Briusov, V. Dalekie i blizkie. Moscow, 1912. Pages 172-73.
Erenburg, I. Liudi, gody, zhizn’, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1961.
Danchich, A. “Na beregu moria … (O dome-muzee v Koktebele).” Neva, 1963, no. 6.
Orlov, V. L. “Na rubezhe dvukh epokh.” Voprosy literatury, 1966, no. 10.
Shul’ts, N. Planerskoe—Koktebel’: Ocherk-putevoditel’. Simferopol’, 1966.
Tsvetaeva, M. “Zhivoe o zhivom.” Literaturnaia Armeniia, 1968, nos. 6, 7.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A family of three discover a magical, life-changing world near the ancient city of Vologda--in "the vanishing frescoes of the icon painter Dionysius, the crumbling monastery, and the slow, somnolent beauty of the north." Two couples make a pilgrimage to the grave of the poet Maximilian Voloshin in Koktebel, Crimea, and are entranced by a raging Black Sea and the unexpected hospitality of Voloshin's widow, who struggles to maintain the famous home of the artist--with the help of just such visiting pilgrims.
Situated on the edge of the Black Sea, the town has in the past served as a very popular Soviet holiday spot and the residence of the famous Russian poet Maximilian Voloshin.
Critics like Valery Bryusov and Maximilian Voloshin also praised her work and her reputation increased significantly; the latter became her mentor and invited her to his house, at the Black Sea, a place where poets, writers and artists gathered to share their interests and find inspiration.
She cries when she talks about a poem by Maximilian Voloshin. I didn't have any idea who he was or why the poem was so important to her.
Barbara Walker, Maximilian Voloshin and the Russian Literary Circle: Culture and Survival in Revolutionary Times.
2 It would not be an exaggeration to say that in the 2000s, Maximilian Voloshin (1877-1932) is as popular with the students of culture and readers at large as were Vladimir Nabokov and Mikhail Kuzmin in the 1990s, Akhmatova in the 1980s, and Mikhail Bulgakov in the 1960s.