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The integral form of Maxwell's equations is given by:
Maxwell's equations encompass a wide range of applications and can describe electrical properties (2) of interconnects.
The primary field is assumed to be a monochromatic plane wave with irradiance [E.sub.0], wave-length [lambda], and circular wave number k = 2[pi]/[lambda] that is normally incident from the half space z<0 and is plane polarized so that, in accordance with Maxwell's equations, [partial]U/[partial]z or U are continuous and equal to zero on crossing the screen.
Yung, "The unconditionally stable crank-nicolson FDTD method for three-dimensional maxwell's equations," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol.
The results presented here can be used to construct postprocessing procedures for the [H.sup.1]-nodal finite-element treatment of Maxwell's equations in domains with geometric singularities and with optimal accuracy.
Liu, "A 3-D discontinuous spectral element time-domain method for Maxwell's equations," IEEE Trans.
The effective coefficients in the quasi-steady Maxwell's equations for a multiscale isotropic medium are described in [16].
Conventional theory based on Maxwell's equations in the vacuum is symmetric in respect to the field strengths E and B.
Classically, it discretizes both the electric and magnetic fields in a staggered fashion on a finite cubic grid and approximates the derivatives occurring in Maxwell's equations by second-order accurate central differences.
Among their topics are magnetic and electromagnetic phenomena, modeling mechanical fluid systems, Maxwell's equations, tracking control of an electromechanical systems, and control of a multibody system's response to a suddenly applied force.
This theory is summarized by Maxwell's equations [3, 4]--the partial differential equations of EM.