Maxwellian equilibrium

Maxwellian equilibrium

[mak‚swel·ē·ən ‚ē·kwə′lib·rē·əm]
(statistical mechanics)
Thermal equilibrium of a gas, or of some group of particles, in which the velocity distribution of the particles is the Maxwell distribution corresponding to the temperature of the object with which they are in equilibrium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another classical property of the Fokker-Planck operator is the relaxation towards a Maxwellian equilibrium. The entropy dissipation rate [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] is given by the following lemma whose proof is left to the reader.
We expect that averaging the collision operator will lead to a similar operator, satisfying the usual physical properties : particle, momentum, energy conservations and the relaxation towards a local Maxwellian equilibrium. It turns out that a linearized and gyroaveraged collision operator has been written in [18], but the implementation of this operator see[m.sub.s] very hard.
We establish the particle, momentum, energy conservations and the relaxation towards a local Maxwellian equilibrium. Therefore this reduced collision operator is well adapted for gyrokinetic simulations.