Mazanderan

Mazanderan

 

(Mazandaran) a historical region in Iran between Gilan in the west and Khorasan in the east; under the present administrative division, it is an ostan. Area, 47,400 sq km. Population, 2,300,000 (1971-72). Sari, the capital of Mazanderan, is the administrative center. Important cities are Shahi, Behshahr, Gorgan, Babol, Bandar-e Shah, and Amol.

In sources of the ninth through 12th centuries, Mazanderan is referred to as Tabaristan; the name “Mazanderan” has existed since the 13th century. Under the Sassanids, the region was known as an independent possession of the Mazanderan rulers. As part of the Arabian Caliphate, during the reign of the Samanids, Seljuks, and Mongols, local Mazanderan dynasties still ruled in Mazanderan. At the end of the 16th century, under Shah Abbas I (ruled 1587-1629), the local dynasty in Mazanderan was liquidated and Mazanderan was made part of the Safawid state.

Mazanderan was one of the regions of Iran where a democratic movement arose in 1920-21. Between 1946 and 1951, in several cities of Mazanderan, including Babol and Sari, there were mass rallies and demonstrations against the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.

References in classic literature ?
Remember how the Persians say: The jackal that lives in the wilds of Mazanderan can only be caught by the hounds of Mazanderan.'
The climate in Gilan province in Iran was suitable for tea cultivation and the tea industry quickly expanded around the town of Lahijan and also in the adjacent Mazanderan province.
The location of Varona is disputed: the Pehlevi commentary on V 1,17 (28) identifies it with Tabaristan/Gelan, the area south-west of the Caspian Sea, adjacent to Mazanderan, though it also refers to unnamed sources that want to identify Varana with Kerman in Central Iran.
The climate there was well suited for tea cultivation, and the tea industry quickly expanded in Gilan and Mazanderan region.
Regardless of shared cultural expectations, the two women have had quite different careers: despite facing initial prejudice against both regional music and female performers, Shokrani has ultimately had a successful career singing the folk music of Mazanderan in both public and private contexts; in contrast, Herawi was pressured by her family to perform only in private--at weddings and parties for women.
Kipling's delight in the sounds of words extends to place-names, actual or imagined: "the islands of Mazanderan, Socotra, and the Promontories of the Larger Equinox" (24)--"and you can look them out on the map" ("Crab" passim).
Abu Al-Ghazi states that in the past when the Amu Dar'ya "issued into the Mazanderan [the Caspian Sea], ...
An Iranian trade fair held in Turkmenistan's capital Ashkhabad in November was sponsored by two provincial governments on the northern borders of Iran, Khorasan and Mazanderan. Total business concluded was not large, but Iran signed contracts to set up a tin plant and a factory for gas heaters, while Turkmenistan is to export cement, wood, iron as well as machinery to Iran.