Mazowiecki, Tadeusz(tädā`o͞osh mäzōvēĕt`skē), 1927–2013, Polish journalist and political leader, prime minister of Poland (Aug., 1989– Jan., 1991). He attended Warsaw Univ. and from 1948 wrote for several Roman Catholic publications. First elected to the Polish parliament in 1961, as an independent, non-Communist candidate, he was barred from running for reelection in 1972 because of his increasing anti-Communist activities. Mazowiecki helped form the SolidaritySolidarity,
Polish independent trade union federation formed in Sept., 1980. Led by Lech Wałęsa, it grew rapidly in size and political power and soon posed a threat to Poland's Communist government by its sponsorship of labor strikes and other forms of public protest.
..... Click the link for more information. movement (1980), becoming the editor (1981) of its weekly magazine. He was arrested during the government crackdown (Dec., 1981) and imprisoned for a year. Throughout the 1980s, he advised Solidarity leader Lech WałęsaWałęsa, Lech
, 1943–, Polish labor and political leader. He worked as an electrician at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk but was dismissed in 1976 for his antigovernment protests.
..... Click the link for more information. and helped form alliances between the leftist intelligentsia and the Polish labor movement. After talks with President Wojciech JaruzelskiJaruzelski, Wojciech Witold
, 1923–2014, Polish military and political leader. His family fled the 1939 German invasion to Lithuania, and were deported to Siberia after Russia invaded the Baltic States.
..... Click the link for more information. that led to elections won (1989) by Solidarity, Mazowiecki was named the first noncommunist prime minister of Poland since the 1940s. Once again a member of parliament (1989–2001), he was an unsuccessful candidate in the 1990 presidential election, which was won by Wałęsa.