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Bakwanga(bäkwäng`gä), city (1984 pop. 486,235), capital of Kasai-Oriental prov., S central Congo (Kinshasa), on the Sankuru River. A commercial center in Luba country, it handles most of the industrial diamonds produced in the Congo. After the Congo attained independence (1960) the city's population grew rapidly with the immigration of Luba people from other parts of the country. From 1960 to 1962 it was the capital of the secessionist Mining State of South KasaiKasai
, former province, c.124,000 sq mi (321,160 sq km), S central Congo (Kinshasa). Luluabourg (present Kananga) was the capital. Between the Kasai and the Sankuru rivers the Kuba kingdom of the Shongo people existed from the early 17th cent.
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(Bakwanga Until 1966) a city in Zaýre on the Bushimaie River, the administrative center of Kasai Oriental Province. Population, 256,000(1970). Highway junction. Mbuji Mayi is an industrial diamond mining center (12-15 million carats a year). Its electrical power comes from the Tshala and Yang hydroelectric power plants on the Lubilash River.