McClintock, Francis Leopold

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

McClintock, Francis Leopold


Born July 8, 1819, in Dundalk, Ireland; died Nov. 17, 1907, in London. English arctic explorer; admiral (from 1884).

In 1848-54, while taking part in three expeditions for the English government to the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in search of J. Franklin’s missing expedition, McClintock in 1853 completed the discovery of Melville Island and discovered Prince Patrick Island. In 1857-59 he commanded the ship Fox, equipped by Franklin’s widow; in 1859 he and Lieutenant W. Hobson discovered traces of Franklin’s expedition on the northwestern shore of King William Island. The channel between Prince of Wales Island and Victoria Island (Canada) and a southern island in Zemlia Frantsa-Iosifa (USSR) were named for McClintock.


The Voyage of the “Fox” in the Arctic Seas. London, 1860.


Arkticheskie pokhody Dzhona Franklina. Leningrad, 1937.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.