Simla Convention

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Simla Convention

 

an agreement concluded between McMahon, representing Great Britain, and Lonchen Shatra, representing local Tibetan authorities, on July 3, 1914, in the city of Simla, India. A British draft of the convention was discussed at an Anglo-Chinese-Tibetan conference in Simla in 1913 and 1914. In March 1914, during the conference, McMahon and Shatra exchanged secret letters and maps concerning a line demarcating the eastern part of the frontier between Tibet and British India. The line, which came to be known as the McMahon Line, was later entered on the maps appended to the British draft convention.

The Simla Convention obligated the Chinese government not to annex Tibet and not to send Chinese troops or civilians into Tibet. The Chinese representative, under pressure from the British, at first initialed the British draft convention but later never signed it. The Chinese government refused to recognize the Simla Convention.

References in periodicals archive ?
INDIA occasionally whips up issues like the Durand Line and the McMahon Line or asks its proxies to do so.
The Chinese political aim was to employ military force to re-establish her territorial integrity which had been compromised after the intrusion of Indian army and establishment of 43 border posts across the McMahon Line in North West Aksai Chin region and across Subansiri River in North East Frontier Region (NEFA), India.
The pre-1962 exchanges saw India insist on the McMahon Line as marking the boundary in the east.
The McMahon Line boundary dispute is at the heart of relations between China and India.
The most contentious part of the Sino-Indian border is in the east, the McMahon Line, that traverses five Indian states.
In the very same March 22, 1959 letter, Nehru also reminded China of an 1842 treaty on Ladakh and the drawing of the McMahon line in Simla in 1914, which aren't recognised by China.
Yes, it officially belongs to India, but only because of the McMahon line, a boundary drawn by British imperialists in 1911, which China no longer accepts (though China did settle its boundary with Myanmar along the same line).
He was Chinese you see, on the other side of the McMahon Line
The latest Sino-India border agreement aimed at mitigating security hazards on the McMahon Line that registered unprecedented understanding and improvement of their bilateral ties bears testimony to the developments that even China, the strategic ally of Pakistan, is no more a bulwark to her expanding economic goals.
While pointing out that the large border between Bhutan, China and Myanmar demarcated by McMahon line," he said it was impossible even for the Army personnel to man the entire inhospitable areas.
So when Jawaharlal Nehru implemented his disastrous 'forward' policy which involved maintaining isolated army post at or near the McMahon line to strengthen India's claims, the Chinese viewed it as a provocation.
But at the war's outset, America's ambassador to India, John Kenneth Galbraith, grew determined to back India's claims in the "eastern sector," along the British-drawn McMahon Line.