McNally, Terrence,1939–, American playwright, b. St. Petersburg, Fla., grad. Columbia, 1960. Known for his dark humor, social satire, and focus on human isolation and the need to connect, he often writes about the lives of gay men and those around them in the age of AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
..... Click the link for more information. . The Ritz (1975, film 1976), a farce about mistaken identities, is set in a gay bathhouse, and The Lisbon Traviata (1989), is the story of gay opera lovers. Frankie and Johnny in the Clair de Lune (1987, film 1991) is about heterosexual romance in middle age. His next play about AIDS was Lips Together, Teeth Apart (1991), about two straight couples spending a weekend in a gay community. McNally won Tony Awards for Love! Valour! Compassion! (1994, film 1997), which follows the lives and travails of eight gay men, and Master Class (1995), a study of Maria CallasCallas, Maria Meneghini
, 1923–77, Greek-American soprano, b. New York City. At 13, Callas moved to Greece, where she studied at the Royal Conservatory in Athens. Her professional debut took place in 1947 at Verona.
..... Click the link for more information. . His 1997 play Corpus Christi created an uproar for portraying Jesus and his disciples as homosexuals. Equally at home with musicals, McNally wrote the books for Kiss of the Spider Woman (1993, based on the PuigPuig, Manuel
, 1932–90, Argentine novelist. He is considered one of Latin America's most creative writers, and his writing reflects the myths and realities of contemporary Argentine life. His fiction, including Betrayed by Rita Hayworth (1968; tr.
..... Click the link for more information. novel), Ragtime (1996, adapted from DoctorowDoctorow, E. L.
(Edgar Lawrence Doctorow) , 1931–2015, American novelist, b. New York City. The author of a dozen novels, Doctorow is known for his skillful blending of fiction and fact into reconstructions of eras in American history.
..... Click the link for more information. 's novel), both of which won Tony Awards, and The Full Monty (2000, based on the 1997 British film). He won an Emmy for the television film Andre's Mother (1990), about a mother's reaction to her gay son's death from AIDS. The play Mothers and Sons (2013) is a sequel, set two decades later. He has also written opera librettos. e.g., Dead Man Walking (2000).
See studies by T. S. Zinman (1997) and P. Wolfe (2013).