Meadow Cultivator

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Meadow Cultivator

 

the set of machines used in land improvement work on meadows and pastures composed of peat and mineral soils without rocks and woody brush.

The meadow cultivators used in the USSR consist of a rotary cultivator that tills the soil (before the sowing) and mixes and applies fertilizers in a single pass; a spreader for scattering mineral fertilizers; a seeder for sowing grain cover crops and grasses; a large roller for leveling and compacting the soil after tilling; and a small roller for packing the soil after the sowing. The operating width of the meadow cultivator ranges from 1.5 to 2 m, depending on the class of the tractor used. The working parts of the rotary cultivator are driven by a takeoff shaft from the tractor engine, and the working parts of the seeders are driven by the rollers. The productivity of the meadow cultivator is 0.4-0.5 hectares per hour.

Units that simultaneously loosen the soil, compact it before sowing, and plant the seeds are used in Great Britain and France. These devices differ from the cultivator described in that they have a rotary soil cultivator with tines or teeth, a trailer roller, and a planter for row seeding.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.