intelligence quotient

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intelligence quotient

a measure of the intelligence of an individual derived from results obtained from specially designed tests. The quotient is traditionally derived by dividing an individual's mental age by his chronological age and multiplying the result by 100

intelligence quotient (IQ)

a unit used in the field of INTELLIGENCE measurement and testing as an index of an individual's intelligence relative to a comparable population with respect to age. A ratio IQ is the IQ expressed as a ratio of mental age (as measured by a test) to chronological age, and multiplied by 100 to avoid decimals:

The average child at any one chronological age will therefore score 100 on the appropriate set of IQ test items. This was the original IQ measure first used in 1916 in the Stanford-Binet Test.

Modern tests make use of standard scores, which express the individual's distance from the mean in terms of the standard deviation, and assume a normal distribution. In a variant of this, the deviation IQ, the mean is 100 and a standard deviation of 15 or 16 is usual.

It is important to note the difference between these measures, since the deviation IQ is not a ratio of mental age to chronological age, and the measured IQs derived from it will depend on the standard deviation used in the test. see also INTELLIGENCE TEST.

intelligence quotient

[in′tel·ə·jəns ‚kwōsh·ənt]
(psychology)
The numerical designation for intelligence expressed as a ratio of an individual's performance on a standardized test to the average performance according to age. Abbreviated IQ.
References in periodicals archive ?
From Steele and Aronson's (1995) measure, we derived two questions designed to assess the individual's perceptions of the test as a measure of intelligence and as a measure of job knowledge.
Nevertheless, the ITBS is also an adequate measure of intelligence and may suffice when large scale individual testing is impractical (such as in a large school).
1998) study, using the Wonderlic test as a measure of intelligence, to see if participants could accurately predict their test scores several months after taking it.
21), we standardized it within each age group to obtain an age-independent measure of intelligence.
We are not arguing IQ tests are the only measure of intelligence.
Grammatical mistakes and mispronunciations are not a measure of intelligence, yet judgments are often made based on spoken language.
Bracken and McCallum (1998) designed the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test (UNIT) to answer the need for a nonverbal measure of intelligence that is model-driven, multidimensional, and psychometrically sound.
London, Oct 20 (ANI): IQ, the standard measure of intelligence, had been thought to be unchanging over the course of a lifetime.
Accordingly, IQ test results, which are obtained through performance, cannot be considered a 'pure' measure of intelligence (for performance may also be influenced by personality traits; see Strelau, Zawadzki, & Piotrowske, 2001).
For as long as anyone can remember, the measure of intelligence, known as IQ, has focused on logic, maths and spatial and verbal skills.
This is an especially important point if IT is to be used as an adjunct or as a separate measure of intelligence (Brand & Deary, 1982; Nettelbeck & Lally, 1976).
This book is an absolute must for any psychologist, vocational evaluator, or school psychologist who needs to include as part of their evaluation a measure of intelligence for an adolescent or adult patient, client, or student.