intelligence quotient

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intelligence quotient

a measure of the intelligence of an individual derived from results obtained from specially designed tests. The quotient is traditionally derived by dividing an individual's mental age by his chronological age and multiplying the result by 100

intelligence quotient (IQ)

a unit used in the field of INTELLIGENCE measurement and testing as an index of an individual's intelligence relative to a comparable population with respect to age. A ratio IQ is the IQ expressed as a ratio of mental age (as measured by a test) to chronological age, and multiplied by 100 to avoid decimals:

The average child at any one chronological age will therefore score 100 on the appropriate set of IQ test items. This was the original IQ measure first used in 1916 in the Stanford-Binet Test.

Modern tests make use of standard scores, which express the individual's distance from the mean in terms of the standard deviation, and assume a normal distribution. In a variant of this, the deviation IQ, the mean is 100 and a standard deviation of 15 or 16 is usual.

It is important to note the difference between these measures, since the deviation IQ is not a ratio of mental age to chronological age, and the measured IQs derived from it will depend on the standard deviation used in the test. see also INTELLIGENCE TEST.

intelligence quotient

[in′tel·ə·jəns ‚kwōsh·ənt]
(psychology)
The numerical designation for intelligence expressed as a ratio of an individual's performance on a standardized test to the average performance according to age. Abbreviated IQ.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many of my neuropsychology colleagues have recognized this and have moved to make the RIAS and now RIAS-2 there "go to" measure of intelligence.
Prediction of economic growth between 1975 and 2009 with the composite measure of intelligence. Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 [beta] t [beta] t [beta] t Intelligence .454 2.52 .482 3.70 .517 4.53 Schooling .073 0.49 lgGDP 1975 -1.052 7.80 -.979 9.25 No corruption .236 1.67 .182 1.77 Economic freedom .068 0.52 Big government .017 0.23 Freedom/Democracy -.208 1.50 -.139 1.14 Ex-communist .047 0.49 -.197 2.46 -.204 2.96 Oil exports/pop.
Nevertheless, the ITBS is also an adequate measure of intelligence and may suffice when large scale individual testing is impractical (such as in a large school).
(1998) study, using the Wonderlic test as a measure of intelligence, to see if participants could accurately predict their test scores several months after taking it.
As more colleges drop the SAT from admissions requirements, the College Board appears to be responding to critics by changing the test from a controversial measure of intelligence to a more accurate measure of classroom achievement.
"IQ is a measure of intelligence. It is not all-encompassing.
A correlation between a measure of inspection time and a measure of intelligence is theoretically opaque.
Thus, all the measures, except the measure of intelligence, are taken from the 1982 survey.
Mr Church said: "IQ tests are fundamentally narrow as a measure of intelligence.
Grammatical mistakes and mispronunciations are not a measure of intelligence, yet judgments are often made based on spoken language.
University attendance is one further measure of intelligence in adolescents and white people have the lowest proportion of state-educated 18-yearolds going to university (less than one in three), according to 2017 data.
[H.sub.2a]: Blacks will perceive a cognitive ability test more as a measure of intelligence than Whites.