The primary outcome measure was the mortality during the ICU stay after the initiation of mechanical ventilation
. A Kaplan-Meier curve was used to describe the probability of survival after the initiation of mechanical ventilation
; thus the exit time was set as the earliest of either the death date or the ICU discharge date.
Predictive factors of weaning from mechanical ventilation
and extubation outcome: A systematic review.
In this descriptive study, the medical records of patients who underwent mechanical ventilation
in CMH Sialkot were retrospectively reviewed.
Indication for Mechanical Ventilation
: Respiratory failure (62.3%) was the most common cause for mechanical ventilation
followed by airway protection (28.5%) and persistent shock (9.2%).
Kaplan, "Oxygen therapeutics and mechanical ventilation
advances," Critical Care Clinics, vol.
Evolution of mechanical ventilation
in response to clinical research.
Pierson, "Persistent air leaks in patients receiving mechanical ventilation
," Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.
Previous multi-center epidemiological investigation results in China also suggest that, respiratory system disease, especially respiratory distress syndrome, is the most commonly cause for neonatal respiratory failure, and other causes include neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, primary or secondary pulmonary hypertension and various congenital malformations.3 In the past twenty years, treating respiratory failure of critically ill newborns with conventional mechanical ventilation
has gain great progress; however, some severe cases still cannot be relieved.
"This paper will provide a much needed resource to guide policies that will ensure that our patients' ventilators will be initiated and managed by those individuals that have proven competency on safe initiation and management of mechanical ventilation
Chest physiotherapy, voluntary deep breaths, incentive spirometry, high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), alveolar recruitment maneuvers (RM) during mechanical ventilation
, and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) are the methods used to prevent postoperative atelectasis3.
Key Words: intensive care, mechanical ventilation
, oxygen inhalation therapy, time-weighted average (TWA), acute lung injury (ALI)
Tracheostomy is recommended because of its potential advantages over tracheal intubation, which include: a lower frequency of laryngeal ulcers, less resistance in the airway, less dead space and better tolerance by patients (2) Currently, the main indications for a tracheostomy are: prolonged mechanical ventilation
(because of the possibility of reduced mechanical ventilation
time), length of stay in the ICU, and associated mortality (3).