Mechanical ventilation


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Mechanical ventilation

1. The use of fans and intake and exhaust vents to mechanically distribute ventilation and other conditioned air.
2. A forced ventilation method that circulates the air, removes odors, and controls humidity within the building. It is often used in wet areas such as food preparation rooms and bathrooms to control odor. Ceiling and window fans or portable ventilation devices are used to circulate the air within the space. They cannot be used for air replacement unless a clear indoor/outdoor circulation pattern is established. See also: Ventilation systems
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

mechanical ventilation

The process of supplying outdoor air to a building or removing air from it by mechanical means, e.g., with fans; the air which is supplied may or may not be heated, cooled, or air-conditioned.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The primary outcome measure was the mortality during the ICU stay after the initiation of mechanical ventilation. A Kaplan-Meier curve was used to describe the probability of survival after the initiation of mechanical ventilation; thus the exit time was set as the earliest of either the death date or the ICU discharge date.
Predictive factors of weaning from mechanical ventilation and extubation outcome: A systematic review.
In this descriptive study, the medical records of patients who underwent mechanical ventilation in CMH Sialkot were retrospectively reviewed.
Indication for Mechanical Ventilation: Respiratory failure (62.3%) was the most common cause for mechanical ventilation followed by airway protection (28.5%) and persistent shock (9.2%).
Kaplan, "Oxygen therapeutics and mechanical ventilation advances," Critical Care Clinics, vol.
Pierson, "Persistent air leaks in patients receiving mechanical ventilation," Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.
Previous multi-center epidemiological investigation results in China also suggest that, respiratory system disease, especially respiratory distress syndrome, is the most commonly cause for neonatal respiratory failure, and other causes include neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, primary or secondary pulmonary hypertension and various congenital malformations.3 In the past twenty years, treating respiratory failure of critically ill newborns with conventional mechanical ventilation has gain great progress; however, some severe cases still cannot be relieved.
"This paper will provide a much needed resource to guide policies that will ensure that our patients' ventilators will be initiated and managed by those individuals that have proven competency on safe initiation and management of mechanical ventilation."
Chest physiotherapy, voluntary deep breaths, incentive spirometry, high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), alveolar recruitment maneuvers (RM) during mechanical ventilation, and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) are the methods used to prevent postoperative atelectasis3.
Key Words: intensive care, mechanical ventilation, oxygen inhalation therapy, time-weighted average (TWA), acute lung injury (ALI)
Tracheostomy is recommended because of its potential advantages over tracheal intubation, which include: a lower frequency of laryngeal ulcers, less resistance in the airway, less dead space and better tolerance by patients (2) Currently, the main indications for a tracheostomy are: prolonged mechanical ventilation (because of the possibility of reduced mechanical ventilation time), length of stay in the ICU, and associated mortality (3).

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