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Related to Mechanists: mechanistic theory



a group of Soviet philosophers of the mid-1920’s and early 1930’s.

The mechanists equated dialectics with modern mechanics and created a distinctive “mechanist” conception of epistemology, logic, and historical materialism. The group included I. I. Skvortsov-Stepanov, A. K. Timiriazev, L. I. Aksel’rod-Ortodoks, V. M. Sarab’ianov, and V. A. Petrov. N. I. Bukharin, who laid claim to the leadership of the sociological school, allied himself with the mechanists. The ideas, of the mechanists were based on the introduction of positivist ideas into Marxist philosophy. The mechanists denied the independent role of philosophy, substituted the theory of equilibrium for dialectics, and denied the objective nature of contingency.

The views of the mechanists were criticized at several scholarly conferences and in public debates. In 1929, the All-Union Conference of Marxist-Leninist Scientific Institutions declared that mechanism was a distinctive revision of dialectical materialism (see Estestvoznanie i marksizm, 1929, no. 3, p. 211). The resolution of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) of Jan. 25, 1931, On the Journal Pod znamenem marksizma, defined mechanism as the most dangerous influence on the philosophical theory of those years.

In the early 1930’s, the principal representatives of the mechanist group renounced and criticized their erroneous views.


“O zhurnale Pod znamenen marksizma: Iz postanovleniia TsK VKP(B)” In O partiinoi i sovetskoi pechati. Moscow, 1954.
Narskii, I. S., and L. N. Suvorov. Pozitivizm i mekhanisticheskaia reviziia marksizma. Moscow, 1962.


References in periodicals archive ?
But apart from the fact that Simon has set up the terms in such a narrow way, from the standpoint achievable through the Logic we can positively assert an alternative not entertained by Simon nor by reductive mechanists (or "physicalists") in general: that life is neither reducible to physical principles nor is it a non-physical structure, as if it were opposed to physics.
We do not think of Jacques Derrida as an SF author, but he was concerned with the consequences for human evolution that would ensue from following a strict devotion to and increasing dependency on programming, much as the Mechanists do in Sterling's future.
Descartes's aggressively reductive form of mechanism did not go uncriticized, even by his fellow mechanists.
Instead, recent scholarship acknowledges that traditional medicine persisted in mechanist practice and that Malpighi can no longer be considered as an unadulterated mechanist physician; his medicine is indebted to traditional medicine and his understanding of physiological processes is rooted in chemistry.
In the case of clockwork, Descartes, Newton, and the eighteenth-century mechanists managed to shape a powerful vision that displayed the whole material world as one vast clock, claiming that the right way to understand any part of it was simply to find its "mechanism"--that is, the part of the machine that drove it.
One thing leads to another and our master thief stumbles into new corruption and betrayal involving the Keepers; a technological sect known as the Mechanists and the Pagans.
Where the mechanists saw structures and systems, the romantics saw processes and change.
These exchanges were part of the tug of war between mechanists and chemists that recurs on numerous occasions.
Sterling's novel Schismatrix (1985) and the short-story collection Crystal Express (1989) examine the contrasting philosophies of the Shapers, who alter themselves genetically, and the Mechanists, who alter themselves with prosthetic devices.
In his philosophical writings he avoided both the naive realism of the mechanists and the positivism of Mach and Comte.
The FMP(R) program will offer support for P&WC engine mechanists who let out their aircraft from NAC - the world's largest lessor of PW100-powered aircraft via an inclusive preservation arrangement tilll 2030.
In the modern period mechanists from Hobbes to Skinner found free will incompatible with the clockwork world, and therefore challenged free choice in principle.

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