Mechanotherapy


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

Mechanotherapy

 

a method of treatment that consists in performing physical exercises on apparatus that are specially constructed to develop movements in certain joints.

The founder of medical mechanotherapy was the Swedish physician J. G. Zander (1835–1920). The use of apparatus of various systems in mechanotherapy is grounded in the biomechanics of joint movement. Movements are strictly localized, in conformity to the given joint or group of muscles. The apparatus offer resistance (weight), which, as it increases or decreases, modifies the stress on the joint in question. Special devices make it possible to change the speed of rhythmically produced movements. Exercises are characterized by automatization of the movements, thereby eliminating the coordinative influence of the central nervous system. Mechanotherapy has no independent value. It is chiefly used in conjunction with physical therapy for its effect on certain parts of the skeletomuscular system.

REFERENCES

Anikin, M. M., and G. S. Varshaver. Osnovy fizioterapii. 2nd ed. Moscow, 1950.
Moshkov, V. N. Obshchie osnovy lechebnoi fizkul’tury, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Kaptelin, A. F. VosstanoviteVl’oe lechenie (lechebnaia fizkuVtura, massazh i trudoterapiia) pri travmakh i deformatsiiakh oporno-dvigateVnogo apparata. Moscow, 1969.

V. N. MOSHKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Optimal loading is an umbrella term for any mechanotherapy intervention and includes a wide range of manual techniques currently available; indeed the term may include manual techniques such as massage refined to maximise the mechano-effect.
The "modern physical treatment" offered at Zuckerkandl's clinic included massages, electro- and mechanotherapy, exercise, bed rest, sun cures, Kneipp regimes, and a range of diets.
In Electrotherapy and Light Therapy with Essentials of Hydrotherapy and Mechanotherapy, published in 1949, Richard Kovacs describes an impressive array of electronic equipment, most of which had already been in use for half a century.
To arrive at a definitive treatment plan and reach a conclusion as to labial versus lingual, it is first necessary to review the characteristics, known to date, that distinguish conventional fixed appliances from lingual appliance mechanotherapy.
Frictional resistance is an important consideration in orthodontic mechanotherapy because forces needed to retract teeth necessarily has to overcome the frictional force.
The second half of the text addresses mechanotherapy in specific detail with regard to various types of predictable tooth movement.
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: Radiotherapy, mechanotherapy, electrotherapy and physical therapy devices
Mechanotherapy depends on both the elastic behavior of the material and the biochemical reaction of the teeth.