Johann Friedrich Meckel

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Meckel, Johann Friedrich


Born Oct. 17, 1781, in Halle, Saxony; died there Oct. 31, 1833. German biologist.

Meckel studied in Halle, Göttingen, Würzburg, and Vienna. In 1808 he became a professor at Halle. His principal works deal with comparative vertebrate morphology. Meckel was one of the creators of the theory that individual development in extant higher animals passes through stages similar to the adult states of extant lower animals. Meckel described a number of morphological formations, which are named for him. In 1812 he translated into German K. F. Wolffs On the Formation of the Intestinal Tract in the Chick (1768), which advanced the dissemination of his theory of epigenesis.


Beiträge zur vergleichenden Anatomic, 2 vols. Leipzig, 1811.
System der vergleichenden Anatomie, 5 vols. Halle, 1821–33.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meckel-Gruber syndrome. eMedicine, available at:
First-trimester diagnosis of Meckel-Gruber syndrome by transabdominal sonography in a low-risk case.
Dr Colin A Johnson, who led the research, said: "Identifying mutations in this gene that are responsible for Meckel-Gruber syndrome should make screening for this devastating genetic condition far easier.
Antenatal ultrasound diagnosis of meckel-gruber syndrome. Indian J Radiol Imaging 2001;11:199-201.
The differential diagnosis ACS includes Greig's Cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome, Oro-facial digital syndromes Type I and II, Meckel-Gruber syndrome, Smith-Lemlioptiz syndrome, RubinsteinTaybi syndrome.
The first reports of Meckel-Gruber syndrome were published in 1822 by Johann Friedrich Meckel.