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a historic region and former state of NE Germany, along the Baltic coast; now part of Mecklenburg-West Pomerania



a historical region on the territory of the German Democratic Republic (GDR).

During the early Middle Ages the territory of Mecklenburg was inhabited by tribes of the Polabian Slavs (the Bodrichi in the west and the Lusatians in the east). In the 12th century these Slavs became part of the principality of Niklot. In a bitter struggle with the German feudal lords, the Slavs of Mecklenburg were conquered by the Saxon duke Henry the Lion and were subjected to Germanization. In approximately 1167, Mecklenburg became a vassal principality to the Saxon duke, but it retained the Slavic princely dynasty of Niklot’s descendents.

In 1348, Mecklenburg became an independent duchy (part of the “Holy Roman Empire”). In 1549 the Reformation was carried out in Mecklenburg. In 1621 the territory was divided into the duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow (which became Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1701). During the 16th and 17th centuries agrarian relations, typical of the districts in which the “second promulgation of serfdom” had spread, emerged in Mecklenburg. In 1815 both Mecklenburg duchies became grand duchies.

The monarchy in Mecklenburg was abolished as a result of the November Revolution of 1918. Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Mecklenburg-Schwerin became republics and then Länder. In 1934 the two states were merged into a single administrative territory —the Land of Mecklenburg, with its capital at Schwerin. In 1945 the territory of Mecklenburg became part of the Soviet occupation zone of Germany. In 1949, Mecklenburg became a Land as part of the GDR. In 1952 the Land was divided into the districts of Rostock, Schwerin, and Neubrandenburg.

References in periodicals archive ?
A employee of Mecklenburg County's IT department reportedly clicked on an attachment in an email Tuesday morning, helping the hacker gain entry to the system.
Mecklenburg shows the connection between Mahomet and Voltaire's influential drama Le Fanatisme, ou Mahomet le Prophete (1741), which Goethe translated into German.
The Charlotte Mecklenburg Library is one of America's leading urban public libraries, serving a community of more than one million citizens in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.
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Before this, he was president and CEO of the Arts & Science Council of Charlotte Mecklenburg.
ReVenture Park last year scaled back plans to build a waste-to-energy power plant fueled by Mecklenburg County garbage.
Mecklenburg occupies a large but desolate area of north-eastern Germany, bordered by Holstein, Brandenburg, Pomerania and the Baltic Sea.
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Berry, Waddell, Olympic, Vance, Independence, Harding and East Mecklenburg to show Charlotte viewers how principals planned on improving their high schools' failing grades.
Today, the greenways of Mecklenburg County continue the Olmsted brother's environmentally conscious approach to landscape while improving water quality, reducing the impacts of flooding, and providing wildlife habitat.

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