Mediterranean fruit fly

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Mediterranean fruit fly:

see fruit flyfruit fly,
common name for any of the flies of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insects that lay their eggs in various plant tissues.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mediterranean Fruit Fly

 

(Ceratias capitata), an insect of the family Trypetidae, a dangerous crop pest. The body is 4.5 mm long. The mottled wings are marked with dark noncontinuous bands. The Mediterranean fruit fly is common in many countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas, Australia, and Oceania. It does not occur in the USSR, but it is an object of quarantine, since its larvae are easily transported with various fruits. The fly is polyphagous, damaging more than 70 plant species (for example, apricot, peach, orange, mandarin, apple, pear, grape, and tomato). The female deposits eggs on the skin of ripe fruit; the larvae hatch one or two days later and feed on the fruit for two to three weeks, causing it to rot. The number of generations varies with climatic conditions. Quarantine measures in the USSR and other countries that import citrus fruits largely consist of limiting imports to the winter and disinfecting fruits by heat or chemical agents.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Animal and Plant Inspection Service (APHIS) of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) approved the Maradol for entry after it was demonstrated in Brazil that this variety does not favor the propagation of the med fly.