Medellín


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Medellín

(māthāyēn`), city (1993 pop. 1,551,160), capital of Antioquia dept., W central Colombia. It is the country's chief manufacturing center. Textiles, steel, flowers, food products, automobiles, chemicals, and coffee are the principal products. Coal, gold, and silver are mined in the surrounding region. The city, which was founded in 1675, is located in a small intermontane valley at an altitude of c.5,000 ft (1,520 m). Until the development of transportation in the 19th cent., it was practically isolated; it has since developed into a transportation hub. Rich in cultural institutions, the city has three universities, art museums, several 17th-century churches, and a national mint. In the 1980s and early 90s, Medellín gained notoriety as the headquarters of the cocaine "cartel" that was the world's leading distributor of the illegal drug. Violent turf battles and reprisals became commonplace until the death of the organization's leader, Pablo Escobar.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Medellín

 

a city in Colombia, the administrative center of Antioquia Department. Population, 1,045,000 (1971). Located in the Porce River valley, on the slopes of the Cordillera Central (at an elevation of 1,474 m). Medellín is an old manufacturing center (ferrous metallurgy, chemicals, construction materials, textiles, leather and footwear, and food), responsible for approximately 15 percent of the country’s gross industrial product, including 65 percent of the textile production. Gold and silver are mined nearby, mainly for export. There is a university in Medellin. The city was founded in 1675.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.