Medical Instruments

Medical Instruments

 

mechanical devices that make it possible to perform diagnostic and therapeutic manipulations in various fields of medicine. More complex medical devices and equipment, as well as units with a degree of automation (for example, the electric scalpel, or pneumatic equipment for treating bones), are not classified as medical instruments, even if their terminal element falls into that category.

The invention and use of medical instruments depend on the requirements of practical public health and the level of development of medical science and technology. The development of new methods of diagnosis and treatment leads to the invention of new medical instruments.

Each field of medicine requires special instruments. For this reason the medical industry develops and serially produces sets of instruments for cardiovascular surgery, lung surgery, traumatology, ophthalmological and otorhinolaryngological operations, biopsies during bronchoscopy, and pathologicoanatomical dissection. Special instruments and sets have been created for pediatric surgery. The tendency in developing instruments is toward greater specialization (for example, instruments for microsurgery in ophthalmology and neurosurgery and for the use of cyancrylate medical glue in surgery of the respiratory organs).

In the USSR and other countries there is a well-developed network of research institutes and plants engaged in the development and manufacture of diverse medical instruments, devices, and equipment. The qualities necessary for medical instruments are reliability, durability, ability to withstand sterilization, and safety. High-quality materials (high-grade stainless steels, brass, silver, titanium, tantalum, rubber, and a wide assortment of polymers) are used in manufacturing medical instruments.

V. R. BELKIN

References in classic literature ?
I was sufficiently conversant with Holmes's methods to be able to follow his reasoning, and to see that the nature and state of the various medical instruments in the wicker basket which hung in the lamplight inside the brougham had given him the data for his swift deduction.
Medical instruments and supply of equipment to ensure the study process - 10 round.
FCA Medical Instruments has introduced its new single-procedure Model 225 in-line, torque-limiting adapter.
CONFIRMATION that medical instruments used on a Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease sufferer were involved in later operations is extremely worrying.
LAHORE -- Punjab Chief Minister Najam Sethi has directed the Health Department to ensure operationalization of medical instruments and machinery in all government hospitals, within a period of one week.
The medical device and medical instrument manufacturing division manufactures high quality, technologically advanced medical device and medical instruments that include video and digital camera adaptors for surgical microscopes, endoscopes and ophthalmic slit lamps, medical video cameras and monitors, suction/irrigation cannulas and electrodes for minimally invasive surgery.
ISLAMABAD, September 06, 2011 (Balochistan Times): The export of Surgical goods and medical instruments during the first month of current financial year registered an increase of 18.
The website and integrated marketing program highlight Ranfac's nearly 125 years as an industry pioneer in precision medical instruments and increases the focus on our manufacturing capabilities and engineering services," said Harlan Adler, director of marketing and Ranfac spokesperson.
Accordingly, it has entered into a distributorship agreement with local medical material suppliers in the respective areas: Tomiki Medical Instruments in Ishikawa and Kuribara Medical Instruments in Gunma.
Richard Wolf Medical Instruments Corporation offers a complete set of endoscopic sinus instruments, including the Ergoline Metzenbaum Nasal Scissors, which cuts completely from proximalto distal unlike any othersoissor.
Examples of products made by these establishments are laboratory apparatus and furniture, surgical and medical instruments, surgical appliances and supplies, dental equipment and supplies, orthodontic goods, dentures, and orthodontic appliances.

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