Medical Psychology

Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.

Medical Psychology


the branch of psychology that studies the role of the mind in the origin, manifestation, and course of human diseases and in the restoration of health.

The first attempts to provide a foundation for medical psychology were made by the 19th-century German psychologist and philosopher R. H. Lotze. The most highly developed aspect of medical psychology is abnormal psychology (psychopathology), the study of changes in the mind accompanying both somatic and psychogenic diseases (neuroses and reactive states).

The methods of medical psychology, which do not differ in principle from the methods of general psychology, vary depending on the character of the disease. However, medical psychology emphasizes the anamnesis—the analysis of the patient’s past experiences, from youth until the onset of the disease. The painfulness of the experience, the insoluble character of the pathogenic situation, the duration of traumatic stress—all of these factors can be understood and explained only by taking into account the individual features of the personality and character of the patient.

Further development of medical psychology has led to the formation of such branches as clinical psychophysiology (clinical psychosomatology), clinical neuropsychology, psychological defectology, and pathological pedagogy. Medical psychology is the basis for psychotherapy and mental hygiene.


Lebedinskii, M. S., and V. N. Miasishchev. Vvedenie v meditsinskuiu psikhologiiu. Leningrad, 1966.
Banshchikov, V. M., V. S. Gus’kov, and I. F. Miagkov. Meditsinskaia psikhologiia. Moscow, 1967.
Zeigarnik, B. V. Vvedenie v patopsikhologiiu. Moscow, 1969.
Tonkonogii, I. M. Vvedenie v klinicheskuiu neiropsikhologiiu. Leningrad, 1973.
Zilboorg, G., and G. W. Henry. History of Medical Psychology. New York-London, 1941.
Yacorzynski, G. K. Medical Psychology. New York, 1951.
Destunis, G. Einführung in die medizinische Psychologie (Für Mediziner und Psychologen). Berlin, 1955.
Kretschmer, E. Medizinische Psychologie, 12th ed. Stuttgart, 1963.
Handbook of Clinical Psychology. Edited by B. B. Wolman. New York, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
Benefits will be provided for installation of the following buildings - Buildings of the main site of psychotherapeutic center - 1 rue du Docteur Archambault in Laxou,- Community mental health center - 12 rue Mi Les Vignes in Laxou,- Unit of Medical Psychology - Street Level 5 in Luneville,- Post cure center - 26 rue de Nancy Viray,- Care center for teenagers - 11 rue des Glacis in Nancy,- Delta workshop - 7 rue de la Colline in Nancy,- Psychiatric unit - 1 place Colombe in Pont-a-Mousson,- Mid-psychological center - 24 bd de l~Europe in Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy.
George Lindenfeld, PhD is a Neuropsychologist and founder of the Medical Psychology Center in Asheville, NC, which specializes in the evaluation and treatment of traumatic life experiences.
She completed an internship with an emphasis in medical psychology at the VA North Texas Healthcare in Dallas, Texas, and a post-doctoral fellowship in Primary Care Behavioral Health at the Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital in Bedford.
It's quite common," said Paul Enck, a professor of medical psychology at the University of Tubingen in Germany.
The initiative began in 2012 as a way to assess the university's needs in training physicians how to care for LGBT patients and integrate LGBT curricula into medical school coursework, said initiative co-director Walter Bockting, PhD, professor of medical psychology in psychiatry and nursing at Columbia University.
According to Andrew Hill, Professor of medical psychology at Leeds University, such images can have a powerful influence on children as they grow up.
Ines Wilhelm of the University of Tubingen's Institute for Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology.
Changing a diagnosis depends on whether neurologists are ready to accept alternative ways of diagnosing disorders of consciousness, noted Boris Kotchoubey at the Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioural Neurobiology in Tubingen, Germany, who worked on the study.
He is also a professor of neurophysiology, Departments of Integrative Neurophysiology and Medical Psychology, Center for Neurogenomics and Cognitive Research, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam, VU University and Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
A PRIVATE medical psychology sleep clinic has opened in Cardiff.
Kaiser directs the Institute of Medical Psychology at Goethe University.

Full browser ?