medicalization

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Related to Medicalisation: medicalizing

medicalization

  1. (in a medical context) the extension of medical authority into areas where lay and common-sense understandings and procedures once predominated, e.g. childbirth, where a medical frame of reference devalues the woman's perspective by stressing active management by professionals in order to minimize risk to mother and child at the same time as evaluating the success of the outcome by, mainly, technical criteria.
  2. (more generally) the tendency to view undesirable conduct as illness requiring medical intervention, thus extending the realm of medical judgements into political, moral and social domains.
The concept has been criticized for presenting medicine as a unitary institution, for presenting lay and medical frames of reference as mutually exclusive, and for stressing the social control dimension of medicine without acknowledging the social value of medical work. It is regarded as a valuable concept because it focuses on issues of professional power and ideological domination. See also SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, Abdel-Tawab stressed the need to consolidate efforts to work toward eradicating FGM, urging all government bodies and NGOs to incorporate in their plans and programme efforts to decrease the medicalisation of FGM, as well as to reduce the demand for circumcision by raising the awareness of families of the long- and short-term negative impacts of FGM.
class="MsoNormalDr Odongo said medicalisation of FGM is a great concern that should be treated with great urgency before it reverses the milestones made in mother and child health.
Wardrope's central message is that apart from 'what society does to medicine,' we should also pay attention to 'what society does with medicine.'4 According to our best understanding of his argument, the key underlying argument is that the connection we made between society and medicine cannot be contributed to medicalisation. Wardrope adds some relevant insights to the discussion and we welcome a discussion on 'what society does with medicine.' Nonetheless, we disagree that this phenomenon cannot be aligned with medicalisation.
Heroic male doctors take over the narrative of the medicalisation of healthcare."
Zola [6] defines 'medicalisation' as the 'process whereby more and more of everyday life has come under medical dominion, influence and supervision'.
Nothing to Fix: Medicalisation of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
In these contexts, high rates of medicalisation are also recognised as sources of abuse.
"But now there's so much information at women's fingertips, they're standing up and saying 'no' to the medicalisation of childbirth," she stresses.
There is no doubt that psychiatry has often been responsible for an increased medicalisation of normal human emotions.