Medici, Lorenzino de'

Medici, Lorenzino de'

(lōrāntsē`nō dā mĕ`dĭchē, Ital. mā`dēchē), 1515–47, member of the cadet branch of the Medici family. A boon companion of Alessandro de' MediciMedici, Alessandro de'
, 1510?–37, duke of Florence (1532–37); probably an illegitimate son of Lorenzo de' Medici, duke of Urbino. His prominence began when Pope Clement VII, then head of the Medici family succeeded (1530) in restoring the Medici to power in Florence
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, he secretly plotted the duke's murder—possibly out of republican convictions. With a hired assassin, he stabbed Alessandro to death (1537) and fled to Venice, where he was eventually assassinated on the orders of Cosimo I de' MediciMedici, Cosimo I de',
1519–74, duke of Florence (1537–69), grand duke of Tuscany (1569–74); son of Giovanni de' Medici (Giovanni delle Bande Nere). In 1537, Lorenzino de' Medici murdered Cosimo's predecessor, Alessandro de' Medici, and fled from Florence,
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, the successor to Alessandro. He is the hero of Alfred de Musset's drama, Lorenzaccio (1833).
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