Boutonneuse Fever

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boutonneuse fever

[′büt·ən‚üz ‚fē·vər]

Boutonneuse Fever


(also Marseilles fever), an acute infectious disease of the rickettsioses group, accompanied by a rash on the torso, face, and limbs. The causative agent, Rickettsia conorii, is transmitted by the bite of the dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Boutonneuse fever was first discovered in Tunis in 1910 and later in the countries of the Mediterranean basin and on the Black Sea coast of Rumania and Turkey. In the USSR it is found on the shores of the Black and Caspian seas, usually in the summer (May to September). Prevention consists in destroying dog ticks.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mediterranean Spotted Fever. Infect Dis Clin N Am 2008; 22:515-530.
Mediterranean spotted fever: clinical, laboratory and epidemiological features of 199 cases.
Centrifugation-shell vial technique for rapid detection of Mediterranean spotted fever rickettsia in blood culture.
slovaca infection in Portugal are not being recognized by clinicians or are being misdiagnosed as Mediterranean spotted fever.
The first case was detected in a blood sample from a patient in Italy who had Mediterranean spotted fever (4); the second case was in a patient in southern France who had spotted fever and acute loss of vision (5); and the third case was in a woman in Argentina who had fever, a palpable purpuric rash, and tache noire (3).
Conversely, domestic dogs have recently been shown to be competent reservoirs for the causative agent of Mediterranean spotted fever, R.

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