(in antiquity Mezetsk, or Miadyn’), a city, center of Medyn’ Raion, Kaluga Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Medynka River (the Oka Basin), on a highway 14 km from the Miatlevo railroad station on the Kaluga-Viaz’ma line and 62 km northwest of Kaluga.

Medyn’ has a furniture-manufacturing combine, a dairy, a flax mill, and enterprises producing building materials and clothing. The exact time of the founding of the city is unknown. Medyn’ had its own princes, and it also belonged to the principality of Smolensk, from which in 1386 it joined the Moscow principality. In 1389, Dmitrii Donskoi gave Medyn’ to his son Andrei as part of the Mozhaisk appanage. In 1454, Medyn’ and the Mozhaisk appanage were joined to Moscow. In 1472, Medyn’ became the property of Grand Prince Vasilii III, who in 1508 conferred it upon Prince Vasilii Glinskii. Under Ivan the Terrible, Medyn’ was included in the lands of the oprichniki. In the 17th century it was destroyed. In 1770, Medyn’ became a district city of the Kaluga vicegerency. During the Patriotic War of 1812 the cossack detachment of A. V. Ilovaiskii defeated the advance guard of a French corps under J. Poniatowski at Medyn’. This battle, which took place on October 13, the day after the battle at Maloiaroslavets, influenced Napoleon to finally decide to retreat from Moscow along the old Smolensk highway, which had been laid waste by French troops. From Oct. 12, 1941, through Jan. 14, 1942, Medyn’ was occupied by fascist German invaders.

References in classic literature ?
Kutuzov even imagined that Napoleon's army might turn back through Medyn and Yukhnov, but the one thing he could not foresee was what happened- the insane, convulsive stampede of Napoleon's army during its first eleven days after leaving Moscow: a stampede which made possible what Kutuzov had not yet even dared to think of- the complete extermination of the French.
Address : Russian Federation, 249950, Kaluga Region, Medynsky District, Medyn, UL LUNACHARSKY Street, 47
The tournament was held in the town of Medyn (Russia) on November 10-17 with the participation of more than 150 athletes from 35 countries.
On Monday, June 23, a house in Medyn Close, Blyth, was burgled and a number of items were stolen.
In addition, at the expense of these funds, the rural house of culture was reconstructed in the village of Mikheevo, Medyn district, for 200 persons, and a sports ground was built in the village of Bolshiy Kozly, Peremyshl district, of 1079 square meters.
Address : The Russian Federation, 249950, Kaluga region, Medyn g, Lunacharsky street, 47