Meech Lake Accord


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Meech Lake Accord,

set of constitutional reforms designed to induce Quebec to accept the Canada ActCanada Act,
also called the Constitutional Act of 1982, which made Canada a fully sovereign state. The British Parliament approved it on Mar. 25, 1982, and Queen Elizabeth II proclaimed it on Apr. 17, 1982.
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. The Accord's five basic points, proposed by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa, include a guarantee of Quebec's special status as a "distinct society" and a commitment to Canada's linguistic duality. Other provisions increase provincial powers in immigration, provide for provincial input in appointing supreme court judges, restrict federal spending power, and restore the provincial right to constitutional veto. Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and all the provincial premiers agreed to the Accord on Apr. 30, 1987, though strong doubts were expressed by the premiers of Ontario and Manitoba, and by several women's and Native American rights groups. The Accord died on June 22, 1990, when Newfoundland and Manitoba failed to approve it, leading many Quebeckers to reconsider independence (see Bouchard, LucienBouchard, Lucien
, 1938–, French-Canadian separatist leader, b. Quebec. A lawyer and a political ally of Brian Mulroney, Bouchard served under him as Canada's ambassador to France (1985–88) and environment minister (1989–90).
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).
References in periodicals archive ?
This historical review gives particular attention to the Meech Lake Accord and how Canada's constitutional amendment formula provided the provinces with a strategic advantage that allowed SCC reform to be placed on the constitutional agenda.
This inevitably leads one to ask whether or not the furore over the Meech Lake Accord might have been a lot of sound and fury signifying, perhaps, a failure of imagination and tolerance.
At issue was the fact that the Meech Lake Accord ignored Aboriginal rights and would have made them much more difficult to achieve (had it passed, unanimous consent of all provinces would have been required for any future constitutional amendments).
The Meech Lake Accord failed to recognize aboriginal rights.
New Brunswick had proposed an amendment establishing equal status, rights, and privileges for the English and French linguistic communities in New Brunswick, which would have been included in a companion agreement to the Meech Lake Accord had that initiative succeeded.
Although it occurred after the deadline for ratification of the Meech Lake Accord had passed, another key event of that summer of 1990 involving Indigenous resistance to colonialism also had a profound effect on Canadian politics in the 1990s.
He describes his involvement in legislation related to human rights and the Marital Property Act, and offers insight on economic and political issues of the period such as the CF-18 fiasco and the Meech Lake Accord.
As this book demonstrates," Jeffrey declares, "Prime Minister [Brian] Mulroney's introduction of the Meech Lake Accord triggered a chain of events that contributed directly to the party's current state of disunity, creating an entirely new and deep-rooted division among Liberals about the nature of Canadian federalism.
Although constitutional reform has been on the political agenda since the 1930s, (82) the first attempt to limit the federal spending power constitutionally occurred with the Meech Lake Accord in June 1987, which was initiated by Brian Mulroney's Conservative government and endorsed by all the provincial governments.
He is strongly opposed to the way in which the Meech Lake Accord weakens the powers of the federal government.
Served on Senate task force on the Meech Lake Accord.
He also painstakingly revisits issues and events ranging from the CF-18 decision to the Meech Lake Accord and the recession of the early 1990s, all a part of his effort to show how an emerging crisis for Canada's hegemonic alliance affected the political alliances which maintained the political power of the Mulroney Tories.