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Meghalaya(mā'gəlā`yə), state (2001 provisional pop. 2,306,069), c.8,700 sq mi (22,530 sq km), NE India, bordered on the south by Bangladesh. The capital is ShillongShillong
, city (1991 pop. 223,366), capital of Meghalaya state, NE India. It is a summer resort c.5,000 ft (1,525 m) high in the Khasi Hills. There are two colleges. Christian Khasi and Garo tribes inhabit the surrounding districts.
..... Click the link for more information. . Meghalaya is in the Garo, Khasi, and Jaintia hills, at an elevation of 4,000–6,000 ft (1,220–1,830 m). The inhabitants are Khasi, Synteng, and Pner tribespeople, who speak a Mon-Khmer language. Christian missionaries have had considerable influence among Meghalaya's inhabitants; c.70% are Christian. Meghalaya was formerly part of AssamAssam
, state (2001 provisional pop. 26,638,407), c.30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km), extreme NE India. Dispur is the capital. Almost completely separated from India by Bangladesh, Assam is bordered by Nagaland and Manipur on the east, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya on the south,
..... Click the link for more information. state; it became a separate state in 1972. It is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to an elected unicameral legislature and by a governor appointed by the president of India. Meghalaya has suffered from sporadic violence among indigenous hill peoples and between the hill peoples and illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.
a state in northeastern India. It was formed in 1970 from part of the territory of the state of Assam. Area, 22,000 sq km; population, 980,000 (1971). Its administrative center is the city of Shillong. Hills and lowlands predominate (the maximum altitude of the Shillong massif is 1,961 m). The climate is tropical and monsoonal, with a very damp summer. In certain areas precipitation exceeds 10,000 mm per year. Natural vegetation consists of tropical forests and thickets of shrubs. The state, mainly agrarian, is economically backward. The population is mostly still in the stage of subsistence economy, based on the slash-and-burn system of farming. The chief food crop is rice, grown mostly in valleys. Corn and millet are sown in the highlands. Potatoes and oranges are the commodity crops. Other activities include silkworm cultivation and lumbering. Small quantities of coal are mined.