Megiddo


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Related to Megiddo: Armageddon

Megiddo

(məgĭd`ō), city, ancient Palestine, by the Kishon River on the southern edge of the plain of Esdraelon, N of Samaria, located at present-day Tel Megiddo, SE of Haifa, Israel, near modern Megiddo. It was inhabited from the 7th millennium B.C. to c.450 B.C. Situated in a strategic position, controlling the route that connected Egypt with Mesopotamia, it has been the scene of many battles throughout history, from Thutmose III (c.1468 B.C.) to Gen. Edmund Allenby (later Viscount Allenby of Megiddo) in World War I. Excavations have unearthed 20 strata of settlements. Found in the latest 6 strata, from the Canaanite period to c.500 B.C., were the Megiddo Ivories, one of the most important examples of Canaanite art, and Solomon's chariot stables. The plain is sometimes called the valley of Megiddon. See also ArmageddonArmageddon
, in the New Testament, great battlefield where, at the end of the world, the powers of evil will fight the powers of good. If the usual etymology is correct, the name alludes to the frequency of battles at Megiddo.
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Bibliography

See Megiddo (Univ. of Chicago, Parts I–II, 1939–48); G. Loud, The Megiddo Ivories (1939).

Megiddo

 

(now called Tell al Mutesellim), an ancient city and fortress at the intersection of important ancient trade routes of Southwest Asia (the ruins are in the northern part of the modern state of Israel). It was excavated by the German archaeologist G. Schumacher from 1903 to 1905 and by a University of Chicago expedition (C. Fisher and others) between 1925 and 1939.

The origin of Megiddo dates to the middle of the fourth millennium B.C. The remains of a fortress wall, a temple, and other structures have been preserved from the third millennium B.C. Until the end of the second millennium B.C., Megiddo belonged to the Canaanites. At the beginning of the second millennium B.C., it was ruled by an Egyptian vicegerent. In 1502 B.C., it was plundered by Thutmose III. At the end of the second millennium B.C., it was conquered by the Israelites. After Megiddo was destroyed by Tiglath-pileser III in 732 B.C., an Assyrian fortress was built in its place. The remains of a city from Persian times (sixth to fourth centuries B.C.) were discovered in the uppermost layer of Megiddo.

REFERENCE

Kink, Kh. A. Vostochnoe Sredizemnomor’e v drevneishuiu epokhu. Moscow, 1970.

Megiddo

an ancient town in N Palestine, strategically located on a route linking Egypt to Mesopotamia: site of many battles, including an important Egyptian victory over rebel chieftains in 1469 or 1468 bc
References in periodicals archive ?
Although archaeologist are unsure if Solomon ever visited the site, they named the compound "Solomon's Palace" because of his biblical tradition of building grand projects at Hatzor, Megiddo and Gezer.
Josiah was on his way to confront the King of Egypt when he was slain by an arrow at Megiddo.
For instance, Stern says that Megiddo "is without doubt the main settlement of the Sea Peoples" in the western Jezreel Valley (p.
The book does not depart from the familiar British viewpoint and adds but few new interpretations to the traditional narrative of the Palestine Campaign (for example, the assertion that British deception on the eve of the Megiddo offensive, presented to this day as a classic model for successful operation, had in fact only a small impact on the other side).
Why hasn't it offered a team of international investigators to go to Megiddo prison and find out what happened in the case of Jaradat?
Jaradat's death Saturday in Megiddo Prison sparked clashes throughout the West Bank Sunday.
Earlier, Israel Prisons Service spokeswoman Sivan Weizman said Jaradat, a 30-year-old father of two from the West Bank city of Hebron, died suddenly at Megiddo detention centre in northern Israel.
Ancient Israel; highlights from the collections of the Oriental Institute of the Univeristy of Chicago: Featuring objects from the Haas and Schwartz Megiddo Gallery.
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The first of these campaigns resulted in one of the most famous battles of the ancient world (since it is the first about which we have much information) at Megiddo.
Many believe that Armageddon's etymological origin begins in Megiddo, which lies in Israel's Jezreel Valley.