Mehmed II

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Related to Mehmed the Conqueror: Bayezid II, Murad II, Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim the Sot

Mehmed II

 

known as Fatih (“the conqueror”). Born Mar. 30, 1432, in Edirne (Adrianople); died Apr. 3 (or May 3), 1481, in Hunkârçiri. Turkish sultan (reigned 1444; 1451–81).

Mehmed II conducted a policy of conquest and personally headed the campaigns of the Turkish Army. In 1453 he conquered Constantinople and made it the capital of the Ottoman Empire, thereby putting an end to Byzantium. Mehmed’s reign also saw the annexation of Serbia (1459), the conquest of Morea (1460), the Trabzon (Trebizond) Empire (1461), Bosnia (1463), and the island of Euboea (1471), the completion of the conquest of Albania (1479), and the subjugation of the Crimean Khanate (1475). The first law code of the Ottoman Empire was compiled under Mehmed II.

References in periodicals archive ?
Most of the 'history' in the book deals with Mehmed the Conqueror, who is always depicted as the anti-Christ mentioned in the Bible.
Not only did Mehmed the Conqueror see himself as part of the humanist movement, but so did the Genoese and Venetians, too, who, soon after 1453, sent delegations to renew trading relations with the East.
THE MAJESTIC Topkapi Palace, a seaside complex of buildings with extraordinary views of Asia and Europe, was constructed in the 15th century by Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror in the new Ottoman capital of Istanbul, formerly the Byzantine capital of Constantinople.
Critobulus, History of Mehmed the Conqueror by Kristovoulos.
These included humanist resentment at the elimination of secretarial sinecures in the Curial bureaucracy; the homoerotic and pederastic sentiments of certain Roman Academy members, heightened by immersion in Martial and other Roman poets that, in the pope's mind, evinced moral depravity and verged on heresy; and fears (to some extent justified) of contact, and even collusion, with the Ottoman sultan, Mehmed the Conqueror, then posing a genuine threat of invasion to the Italian peninsula.
The Topkapi Palace, which was the official residential of the Ottoman sultans beginning from Mehmed the Conqueror till Sultan Abdulmecid who was the thirty-first sultan, was used as the center of the state administration, education and art of the Empire for nearly 400 years.
The Sultans themselves, as in the days of Mehmed the Conqueror, became the principal patrons of Western artists in Constantinople.
The mosque was originally built by ymam Ali Efendi, a relative of the renowned Islamic scholar AkE-emseddin, who lived during the reign of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror. It was recently opened for worship after being restored by the Directorate General for Foundations (VGM).The recently completed restoration of this historic mosque was the third restoration in its history.
Gazi society, however, was reconstructed differently by fifteenth-century historians with various goals: to explain Timur's breakup of the Ottoman Empire by the loss of an original Muslim/tribal purity and adoption of civilization's corruption, to legitimize the reconstituted post-Timurid empire by linking its rulers with Central Asian nomadic royalty, or to deploy the gazi model to critique the imperial policies of Mehmed the Conqueror. Epic poems, meanwhile, depicted gazi warriors as more important to the conquests than the sultans.
Since the time of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (Fatih), the ideal of the eternal preservation of the state was represented by the "social center," while the reason of the state was advocated by the "bureaucratic center" and these two centers occasionally clashed with each other.
The second, the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, named after 15th-century Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, was completed in 1988.