Meibomian Glands


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Related to Meibomian Glands: chalazion, Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Meibomian Glands

 

(tarsal glands), modified sebaceous glands in the tissue of the eyelids in man and most mammals (except monotremes and aquatic species); named for the German anatomist H. Meibom (1638–1700).

Each meibomian gland consists of numerous alveoli that discharge a secretion into a common efferent duct that opens onto the edge of the eyelid at the base of the eyelashes. The secretion is fatty and serves to coat the eyelids, protecting their edges from wetting by tears; it also contains bactericidal substances. There are 30–40 of the glands in the human upper lid and 20–30 in the lower.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast to aqueous-deficient dry eye, which is usually caused by a lack of tear production, evaporative dry eye is due to lid-related and ocular surface-related causes such as meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and is more frequent [5].
There are a number of options to treat lid conditions that are classified as meibomian gland disease (MGD).
Blepharitis is a lifelong condition that cannot be cured but symptoms can usually be improved by emptying the meibomian glands.
A decrease in circulating androgens in postmenopausal women is believed to play an important role in affecting meibomian gland function, supporting female gender as a risk factor for dry eye disease [26].
ghanensis mites had initiated infection by invading the skin through the orifices of the hair follicles and meibomian glands through the main collecting tubules of the meibomian glands, respectively.
Meibomian gland dysfunction in chronic blepharitis.
Sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC) is a highly malignant and potentially lethal tumor that arises from meibomian glands of the tarsal plate, from glands of Zeis or from sebaceous glands of the caruncle, eye brow or facial skin (1).
The meibomian glands in the eyelid secrete the oily, outer layer of tears, which reduce evaporation.
Eyelid scrubbing with Johnson's Baby Shampoo and hot compresses help people with posterior blepharitis, a dysfunction of the meibomian glands that line the eyelid margins.
Therefore, an increased blinking frequency could produce more secretion from the meibomian glands and therefore a longer break-up time.
Oil-producing glands called meibomian glands shrink a little, so you wind up with less oil on the front surface of the tear film.