The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an Upper Paleolithic site near Hamburg, in the northern part of the Federal Republic of Germany. Investigated by the German archaeologist A. Rust from 1932 to 1934, the site has been dated by the radiocarbon method to about 11,500 B.C. (the end of the Upper Paleolithic). Meiendorf constitutes the remains of the first settlement in northern Europe of Paleolithic hunters for reindeer, which had advanced from the south in the wake of the receding glaciers.

The items that were discovered at Meiendorf included numerous reindeer antlers; flint articles; tools made of antler with flint insets and used for cutting out straps; awls; needles; a harpoon; and a digging tool made of antler. The Hamburg archaeological culture of the end of the Upper Paleolithic, which was widespread in the northern part of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Netherlands, has been named after Meiendorf.


Uistokov drevnikh kuVtur (epokha mezolita). Moscow-Leningrad, 1966. (Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 126.)
Rust, A. Das altsteinzeitliche Rentierjägerlager Meiendorf. [Neümlinster] 1937.
Rust, A. Vor 20,000 Jahren. Rentierjäger der Eiszeit, 2nd ed. [Neümiinster] 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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During the early 1900s, the ROPZh would be led by the Baroness Vera Illarionovna Meiendorf, and from the 1870s membership would average ar least five per cent female.