Meissner's Corpuscles

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Meissner’s Corpuscles


tactile corpuscles, in some mammals and man, nerve endings sensitive to tactile stimuli; discovered by the German scientist G. Meissner (1829–1905) and studied in detail by the Russian histologist A. S. Dogel’ in 1892.

Meissner’s corpuscles are oval bodies, 40 to 180 microns (jit) long and 30–60 μ, wide. They consist of tactile cells of neuroglial nature and branchings of nearby neural fibers. In man, Meissner’s corpuscles’are most numerous on the palmar and plantar surfaces of the skin of the fingers and toes, respectively.

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There are more touch and pressure receptors such as Meissner's corpuscles, Pacinian corpuscles, Merkel's disks, and Ruffini's corpuscles under the skin of the palm than under the skin of the dorsal part of the hand.