Meissonier, Juste Aurèle

Meissonier, Juste Aurèle

(zhüst ōrĕl` māsônyā`), 1695–1750, French designer, b. Turin. At first a goldsmith, in 1724 he was appointed designer to the king under Louis XV, a position he held until his death. Meissonier designed mainly interiors, usually in a novel, capricious, and asymmetrical manner. His only complete architectural venture was the house of Léon de Brethous, Paris (1733; now the Chamber of Commerce). Several volumes of his engravings were of great importance in spreading the rococorococo
, style in architecture, especially in interiors and the decorative arts, which originated in France and was widely used in Europe in the 18th cent. The term may be derived from the French words rocaille and coquille
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 style throughout Europe.
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