Melaka


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Melaka

or

Malacca

(both: məlăk`ə), state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Formerly one of the Straits SettlementsStraits Settlements,
collective name for certain former British colonies in Southeast Asia. The three British East India Company territories of Pinang, Singapore, and Malacca (see Melaka) were given a unified administration in 1826 and called the Straits Settlements.
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, it was constituted a state of Malaya in 1957 (see MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2015 est. pop. 30,723,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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). Nearly half the population are Malay; about two fifths are Chinese. The capital, on the strait, is the historic city of Melaka or Malacca (1991 pop. 112,873). Until the 17th cent., Malacca was one of the leading commercial centers of SE Asia. It was founded c.1400 by a Malay prince who had been driven from Singapore after a brief reign there. The city quickly gained wealth as a center of trade with China, Indonesia, India, and the Middle East. Its sultans, aided by the decline of the Madjapahit empire of Java and by the friendship of China, extended their power over the nearby coast of Sumatra and over the Malay Peninsula as far north as Kedah and Pattani. More importantly, Gujarati traders introduced Islam to the Malay world through Malacca. In 1511, Malacca was captured by the Portuguese under Alfonso de Albuquerque. The sultan fled first to Pahang and then to JohorJohor
or Johore
, state (1991 pop. 2,074,297), 7,360 sq mi (19,062 sq km), at the southern extremity of the Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, opposite Singapore. It is largely covered with rain forests and swamps.
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. In the mid-16th cent. St. Francis Xavier preached in Malacca. Portugal's control was frequently contested by Aceh and Johor. In the early 17th cent. the Dutch entered the region, allied themselves with Johor, and captured Malacca in 1641 after a long siege. They utilized the city more as a fortress guarding the strait than as a trading port. The Dutch retained nominal control until 1824, although during the wars of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic period (1795–1818) the British occupied Malacca at the request of the Dutch government-in-exile. In 1824 the Dutch formally transferred Malacca to Great Britain. The modern city, of slight economic importance, retains traces of its past in its Portuguese and Dutch buildings and Portuguese-Eurasian community. The majority of the city's inhabitants are Chinese, who have acquired many Malay customs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although Lemos seems to have believed that, with the help of God and 'a invencivel estrella de sua Magestade', there would be enough treasure in Sumatra to achieve all these ambitious aims at any time, he ends the book on a slightly more realistic note by emphasizing that now was the moment to attack Aceh, while it was still embroiled in civil disorders following the death of Ali Ri'ahyat Syah in 1579, and that, if the Portuguese delayed, it might succeed in imposing a blockade on Melaka. (27) In the event, neither his proposals nor the rather more measured recommendations of Gaio in favour of an attack on Aceh were realized, and the auspicious moment soon passed.
The event is called Malam Bersama Bersatu Bersama Dr Zakir Naik (A night with Bersatu and Dr Zakir Naik) and will be held this Saturday between 6.30pm and 9.30pm at the Cina Krubong mosque in Melaka.
Guests on board the inaugural flight were greeted by Melaka Chief Minister YAB Tuan Adly bin Zahari; Deputy Minister of Primary Industries and Member of Parliament for Hang Tuah Jaya YB Datuk Seri Shamsul Iskandar bin Haji Mohd Akin; Melaka Public Works, Transport and Public Facilities Exco Member YB Datuk Mohd Sofi bin Abdul Wahab; Melaka Human Resource and Community Exco Member YB Tuan G.
The StayCay platform ("StayCay") will leverage on Hatten Land's position as the leading developer in the historical Malaysian tourist city of Melaka to offer digital utility tokens and rebates to tourists and shoppers via a private distributed ledger developed by FundPlaces, the two companies said in a joint announcement.
Challenges in sustaining authenticity of Malay cultural heritage products in the heritage city of Melaka, Malaysia.
The resort staff will also be volunteering to take part in the upcoming spring cleaning project at the centre of Wings Melaka on 5th January 2015 before the children return from school holidays on 8th January 2015.
The first four chapters of Trade and society in the straits of Melaka focus on the role of trade in the development of Penang and Melaka.
Raja Sharom said any event organiser who wants Dr Zakir to make a religious speech in Melaka would first need to request approval from the state mufti's office.
We look forward to continuing our work to explore even more new routes to Melaka from other parts of our Asean network.
Azhar Hashmi to the Machap Umboo Immigration Detention Centre in Melaka.
The people think that they have at least 66.4% wetland areas in Melaka for their sound environment.
“Holiday Inn Melaka is pleased to receive a TripAdvisor Certificate of Excellence,” said Alvin Jaiyaseelan, General Manager of Holiday Inn Melaka.