The interplay between Pinus sylvestris, its root parasite, Melampyrum
pratense and ectomycorrhizal fungi: influences on plant growth and reproduction.
pratense, Rubus chamaemorus, Vaccinium myrtillus, Aulacomnium palustre, Cladina spp.
The first responses during haustorial initiation are cortical enlargement and increasing cell division, resulting in lateral or apical protuberances in the parasite root similar to other Orobanchaceae, such as Bartsia, Lathraea, Melampyrum
, Pedicularis and Rhinanthus (Heckard 1962, Dobbins & Kuijt 1973a, Weber & Weberling 1975, Riopel & Timko 1995).
vitis-idaea, Calluna vulgaris, Festuca ovina, Linaria vulgaris, Luzula pilosa and Melampyrum
pratense in the dwarf shrub and herb layer, and Dicranum polysetum, D.
Spread of an ant-dispersed annual herb: an individual-based simulation study on population development of Melampyrum
curvifolia y Gnaphalium sylvaticum +, Melampyrum
, heather (Calluna vulgaris) and Anemone type refer to the existence of open forest vegetation in the area.
8) Nitella flexilis (1) Potamogeton alpinus (1, 8) Potamogeton epihydrus (8) Potamogeton foliosus (8) Positive Effects Melampyrum
lineare (15) Rubus parviflorus (14) Woody with Terminal Bud Aquatic At Reach Negative Effects Chara vulgaris (1) Abies balsamea (3,4,5,6) Characae sp.
Notes on the pollination of Melampyrum
pratense and the "honeystealing" of humble-bees and bees.
The flowers of the Rhinantheae, such as Pedicularis, Melampyrum
, Rhinanthus, Castilleja, and Lamourouxia [the latter may be a member of the Agalineae, according to its seed morphology in Barringer's (1984) study], also show strong bilateral symmetry.
caerulea communities with dry forest edge species of Trifolio-Geranietea covered small patches in dry, sunny sites along the forest-grassland edges and often contained several forest edge species such as Agrimonia eupatoria, Trifolium medium, Origanum vulgare, Melampyrum
nemorosum, Solidago virgaurea.
Bumblebee visitation and seedset in Melampyrum
pretense and Viscafia vulgaris--Heterospecific pollen and pollen limitation.