Melanie Klein


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Klein, Melanie,

1882–1960, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna. She became a psychoanalyst after seeking therapy from Sandor Ferenczi, a colleague of Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, who encouraged her to pursue her own studies with young children. She served as a member (1921–26) of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, using psychoanalytic techniques with emotionally disturbed children. She moved to London in 1926, on the invitation of psychoanalyst Ernest JonesJones, Ernest,
1879–1958, British psychoanalyst, b. Wales. He taught (1910–13) at the Univ. of Toronto and was director (1908–13) of the Ontario Clinic for Nervous Diseases.
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, to continue her practice and to expand on areas of psychoanalysis such as the death instinct and the Oedipus complex. In her later work, Klein's theories came into conflict with those of other psychoanalysts, particularly Anna FreudFreud, Anna
, 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund Freud, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children.
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. Kleinian theory is still influential as a distinctive strain of psychoanalytic theory. Her writings include The Psychoanalysis of Children (1932) and Narrative of a Child Analysis (1961).

Bibliography

See biography by P. Grosskurth (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
Some seven years after Freud died, Melanie Klein described a phantasy found in the unconscious layers of certain patients who she called schizoid.
Durante la posicion esquizo-paranoide de Melanie Klein (Hinshelwood, Robinson y Zarate, 1997), las pulsiones de destruccion y de muerte originalmente dirigidas al objeto afectivo malo--que en ausencia frustra--, devienen como amenazas externas contra el propio sujeto verbigracia de un mecanismo de proyeccion primitivo, amenazandolo con la aniquilacion, de alli la naturaleza persecutoria y paranoica de dicha posicion.
Introducao a obra de Melanie Klein. Rio de Janeiro: Imago Editora, 1975.
Posicion y objeto en la obra de Melanie Klein. Buenos Aires: Kargieman.
The cruel and psychotic phantasies discovered by Melanie Klein, of chopping up, tearing up, robbing and defecating, of burning (through urine), of poisoning (through excrement), of gassing (through intestinal gases) and the total annihilation of the object that has become absolutely bad, through excessive projection, provoked horror, rejection and hostile defence when described in detail, because they had become a reality in German history ...
(24) Melanie Klein, Mourning and its Relation to Manic-Depressive States, in THE SELECTED MELANIE KLEIN 163 (Juliet Mitchell ed., 1986).
In my view, the organisation of the financial market can be seen as falling into Melanie Klein's two positions and my two forms of masculinity, each linked to a phantasy associated with the market and the role of market men in the growth of markets.
Para Melanie Klein, los objetos internos y las fantasias inconscientes producen significaciones dentro de la realidad psiquica y estos significados son los que se proyectan en la realidad externa dandole sentidos diferentes en cada momento vivencial.
Like "Mommie Dearest" minus the stacked-up melodrama, the play is primarily a bitter confrontation between a mother, Melanie Klein (Clare Higgins), and her resentful daughter, Melitta (Zoe Waites).
It was his influence that persuaded Williams to study psychiatry, initially under the Austrian-born Melanie Klein, in London.
Isaacs also wrote a regular column for The Nursery World and did much to promote the ideas of Melanie Klein, another great supporter of the application of psychoanalysis to children's education.
Here we seem to have strayed from the worlds of Jacques Lacan and Melanie Klein into those of Rene Magritte and Susan Stewart, earnest discourse soon giving way to absurd humor.