Melanie Klein

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Klein, Melanie,

1882–1960, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna. She became a psychoanalyst after seeking therapy from Sandor Ferenczi, a colleague of Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, who encouraged her to pursue her own studies with young children. She served as a member (1921–26) of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, using psychoanalytic techniques with emotionally disturbed children. She moved to London in 1926, on the invitation of psychoanalyst Ernest JonesJones, Ernest,
1879–1958, British psychoanalyst, b. Wales. He taught (1910–13) at the Univ. of Toronto and was director (1908–13) of the Ontario Clinic for Nervous Diseases.
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, to continue her practice and to expand on areas of psychoanalysis such as the death instinct and the Oedipus complex. In her later work, Klein's theories came into conflict with those of other psychoanalysts, particularly Anna FreudFreud, Anna
, 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund Freud, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children.
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. Kleinian theory is still influential as a distinctive strain of psychoanalytic theory. Her writings include The Psychoanalysis of Children (1932) and Narrative of a Child Analysis (1961).


See biography by P. Grosskurth (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
Some seven years after Freud died, Melanie Klein described a phantasy found in the unconscious layers of certain patients who she called schizoid.
Durante la posicion esquizo-paranoide de Melanie Klein (Hinshelwood, Robinson y Zarate, 1997), las pulsiones de destruccion y de muerte originalmente dirigidas al objeto afectivo malo--que en ausencia frustra--, devienen como amenazas externas contra el propio sujeto verbigracia de un mecanismo de proyeccion primitivo, amenazandolo con la aniquilacion, de alli la naturaleza persecutoria y paranoica de dicha posicion.
O'Shaughnessy's chapter is enlightening: she traces the history of psychoanalysis in Britain since the Controversial Discussions between Anna Freud and Melanie Klein to explain why there is so little writing on projective identification from other theoretical traditions.
La realidad es para Melanie Klein el interjuego de aspectos internos y externos que actuan simultaneamente en el psiquismo y que determinan una organizacion compleja en la construccion que cada individuo hace de la realidad.
8) Que en sus tempranas teorizaciones Melanie Klein denomina "sadismo maximo".
Here we seem to have strayed from the worlds of Jacques Lacan and Melanie Klein into those of Rene Magritte and Susan Stewart, earnest discourse soon giving way to absurd humor.
In "Mourning and Its Relation to Manic-Depressive States," the psychoanalyst Melanie Klein mentions the case of Mrs A--a "normal," nonpathological mourner--who, a few days after the death of her young son, started sorting out letters in the house, keeping her son's letters and throwing others away.
Melanie Klein lui renvoie ccci-La gare, e'est Martian.
22,23) According to Melanie Klein, infant development is normally a succession of two phases, paranoid-schizoid (cf.
An introduction identifies and briefly defines key psychoanalytic concepts (many drawn from Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams or the work of Melanie Klein and Julie Kristeva), including condensation, displacement, ambivalence, and abjection.
So are Jung, Adler, Winnicott, Kohut, Rank, Ferenczi, Suttie, Melanie Klein, Fairbairn, Bowlby, Harry Stack Sullivan, and Horney.