Melanie Klein

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Klein, Melanie,

1882–1960, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna. She became a psychoanalyst after seeking therapy from Sandor Ferenczi, a colleague of Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, who encouraged her to pursue her own studies with young children. She served as a member (1921–26) of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, using psychoanalytic techniques with emotionally disturbed children. She moved to London in 1926, on the invitation of psychoanalyst Ernest JonesJones, Ernest,
1879–1958, British psychoanalyst, b. Wales. He taught (1910–13) at the Univ. of Toronto and was director (1908–13) of the Ontario Clinic for Nervous Diseases.
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, to continue her practice and to expand on areas of psychoanalysis such as the death instinct and the Oedipus complex. In her later work, Klein's theories came into conflict with those of other psychoanalysts, particularly Anna FreudFreud, Anna
, 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund Freud, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children.
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. Kleinian theory is still influential as a distinctive strain of psychoanalytic theory. Her writings include The Psychoanalysis of Children (1932) and Narrative of a Child Analysis (1961).


See biography by P. Grosskurth (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
Eng and David Kazanjian, Introduction, in Loss: The Politics of Mourning (Berkeley: U of California P, 2003) 1-25; Judith Butler, "Moral Sadism and Doubting One's Own Love: Kleinian Reflections on Melancholia," in Reading Melanie Klein, ed.
The discussion is largely confined to works in French with reference to various schemas from those of Melanie Klein to Marvin Minsky.
The "A Group" included Melanie Klein and her followers and the "B Group" included Anna Freud and her followers.
He lived in England after World War II, where he worked with Melanie Klein and was a founding member of the Tavistock Institute.
of California at Santa Barbara) provides a psychoanalytic reading of Fleming's Bond works and applies the insights found there to other texts, from works of Goethe and Shakespeare to the deconstructionism of Jacques Derrida and the post-Freudian theories of Melanie Klein.
Condo entombs the earlier artist's sensibility within his own, expelling a blenderful of what Melanie Klein might call part objects--pink breasts, eyes, ocher and gray underpainting, grinning jaws, a green hat (maybe)--into the frame of a preestab-lished patriarchal form.
While, it is true, children tend to play obsessively, by working a narrative or procedure to death, this repetition compulsion is never as schooled as what comes across here, which mainly has a forced quality, though it thus also reflects the important difference between transference and early object relations, which Melanie Klein singled out as the outside chance of therapeutic success in analytic treatment.
It is true that Kristeva herself has examined the work of individual women, but her choice of material spans countries, generations, and disciplines: Hannah Arendt, Colette, Melanie Klein, and Marguerite Duras.
of Nijmegan) and practitioner Geyskens delve deep into the resulting tensions between such prime components of psychoanalysis as attachment and infantile trauma, analyzing the work of Melanie Klein, John Bowlby, Imre Hermann and the largely overlooked Hungarian School of Psychoanalysis.
Anna Freud and later child psychotherapists Margaret Lowenfeld and Melanie Klein believed that children communicate their unconscious thoughts, desires and emotions through playing games.
Frank enlists the powers of Melanie Klein, clearly his favorite intellectual mentor, to explain Mr.
Although the psychoanalyst Melanie Klein is not concerned with the justice of our feelings of innocence and persecution, she helps us to understand the structure of such feelings in ways that can illuminate their potential for moral damage.