Melanitta


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Related to Melanitta: common scoter, surf scoter, Velvet Scoter

Melanitta

 

a genus of birds of the order Anseriformes. The body measures 48–56 cm in length and weighs 0.9–1.7 kg. The female is smaller than the male. The male has black plumage, sometimes with white patches on the wings; the bill, which has a knob at the base, is yellow with black or red markings. The female is dark brown.

There are five species, distributed in northern Europe, Asia, and North America. The USSR has four species: the velvet scoter (M. fusca), the white-winged scoter (M. deglandi), the common scoter (M. nigra), and the American scoter (M. americana). The surf scoter (M. perspicillata) has recently appeared in the northeastern USSR. Members of the genus are migratory birds that winter in coastal waters and on the sea. They nest mainly in tundra and forest-tundra, on the shores of lakes, calm rivers, and seacoasts. There are six to ten eggs per clutch. The female broods for approximately three weeks. The birds feed mainly on mollusks and the larvae of aquatic insects. In some places they are hunted commercially.

References in periodicals archive ?
Foraging behavior of Surf Scoters (Melanitta perspicillata) and White-winged Scoters (M.
Liverpool Bay is internationallyimportant as the winter home for the small black sea duck - the lesserspotted Common Scoter (Melanitta nigra).
Velvet Scoter, Melanitta fusca, Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula).
Black Scoter (Melanitta nigra).--This species, which is a regular fall migrant on Lake Michigan, was seen on the Grand Calumet Lagoons on 26 October 1980.
The areas surrounding these islands are essential winter habitat for a number of sea duck species such as Common Eider (Somateria mollissima), King Eider (Somateria spectabilis), Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus), Long-tailed Duck (Claugula hyemalis), White-winged Scoter (Melanitta deglandi), and Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus senator; Sowls 1993, 1997).
Foraging effort of Surf Scoters (Melanitta perspicillata) wintering in a spatially and temporally variable prey landscape.
2003: Identification des aires de mue et de repos au printemps des macreuses (Melanitta sp.) et de l'Eider a duvet (Somateria mollissima) dans l'estuaire et le golfe du Saint-Laurent.--Service canadien de la faune, region du Quebec, Serie de rapports techniques 408, pp.
This note describes unusual foraging behavior observed in Surf Scoters (Melanitta perspicillata) along the shoreline of Drakes Bay on the Point Reyes Peninsula, California, in mid-January 2015.
Spring migration routes and chronology of surf scoters (Melanitta perspicillata): A synthesis of Pacific coast studies.
stellata), Surf Scoters (Melanitta perspicillata), and Western and Clark's Grebes (Aechmophorus occidentalis and A.
This list includes six species of migratory birds: Canada goose (Branta canadensis), black duck (Anas rubripes), common eider (Somateria mollissima), surf scoter (Melanitta perspicillata), black scoter (Melanitta americana), and white-winged scoter (Melanitta deglandi).
(2006b) reported core areas of 5000 ha for a female king eider (Somateria spectabilis) and O'Connor (2008) reported average core areas of 317 ha for flightless surf scoters (Melanitta perspicillata), which is comparable to our average of 587 ha.