Georges Méliès

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Georges Méliès
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès
BirthplaceParis, France
Filmmaker, film actor, set designer, illusionist, toymaker

Méliès, Georges


Born Dec. 8, 1861, in Paris; died there Jan. 21, 1938. French actor, director, magician and theater and film entrepreneur.

Méliès was one of the founders of French and world cinema. He invented the basic techniques of modern trick photography and produced ingenious film fantasies, including A Trip to the Moon (1902), The Voyage Across the Impossible (1904), 200,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1907), and The Conquest of the Pole (1912), and screen adaptations of actual events of his time, including Sea Battle in Greece (1897) and The Coronation of Ed-ward VII (1902). Méliès made approximately 400 films. The term “Méliès tendency”in film studies refers to a vivid film production whose principal merit lies in the cinematographer’s ability to transform reality.


Sadoul, G. Vseobshchaiia istoriia kino, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1958. (Translated from French.)
Bessy, M., and J. M. Lo Duca. Georges Méliès, mage. Paris, 1945.
Sadoul, G. Georges Méliès. Paris, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India], May 03 ( ANI ): Google on Thursday paid tribute to Georges Melies, the French illusionist and film director who led many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema, with a doodle.
( Born in Paris in December 1861, Melies was known for his narratives and his technical development in the earliest days of cinema.
A facsimile of Melies's handwitten autobiography was discovered in the collection of an antique bookseller in rural France by Jon Spira, a documentary filmmaker who works with the British Film Institute in London, UK.
Melies' films were the antecedent of contemporary cinema's fondness for fixed framing.
Melies then modified the machine to work as a camera and made more than 500 short films between 1896 and 1913.
Fascinatingly, between 1896 and 1913, Melies directed 531 films, ranging in length from one minute to 40 minutes.
Georges Melies' film, which can be found on YouTube, was a flight of sheer fancy, sequence after sequence of cause and effect with a happy ending for the voyagers.
Scorsese's Hugo honors the craft of Melies through 3-D techniques and digital filmmaking.
Georges Melies descubrio por accidente la cinematografia y la incorpora a su foro de teatro ilusionista; filmaba maquetas que proyectadas en la pantalla se convierten en monstruos fabulosos.
Papa Georges, in fact, is a character based on Georges Melies, the French illusionist and film-maker who is considered to be among the pioneers that developed narrative film-making, special effects and hand colouring of films.
The automaton was created by one of the magicians who became pioneers of the film industry in the 19th century: Georges Melies. It turned up in a museum where Hugo's father worked, but no one remembered how it had got there or cared.