Melnikov, Iakov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mel’nikov, Iakov Fedorovich


Born Jan. 13, 1896, in Moscow; died there July 12, 1960. Soviet sportsman, teacher, and trainer. Honored Master of Sports (1934). Member of the CPSU (1943).

In speed skating, Mel’nikov was champion of Russia (1915), of the RSFSR (1918-19; 1922), of the USSR (1924; 1927-28; 1932-35), of Europe (1927), and of the world (in workers’ sports organizations, 1927, 1935). He broke All-Union records for various distances more than 20 times. Among his pupils were the well-known Soviet skaters I. la. Anikanov, T. A. Karelina, K. K. Kudriavtsev, V. A. Proshin, N. I. Petrov, and L. M. Selikhova.

Mel’nikov was awarded two orders and a number of medals. A skating competition in honor of Mel’nikov has been held regularly in the USSR since 1960.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.