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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the All-Union phonograph record firm of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR.

Melodiya was founded in 1964. The firm manages the creative and industrial enterprises and organizations that record, manufacture, and distribute records and cassette tapes. In 1973, the firm controlled creative studios that manufacture original molds for the production of the records, create original works for recording, and restore historical recordings of a documentary nature and other unique recordings of the past. These studios are located in Moscow, Leningrad, Rīga (branch in Tallinn), Vilnius, Tbilisi, Alma-Ata, and Tashkent. Melodiya has factories in the towns of Aprelevka in Moscow Oblast, Leningrad, Rīga, and Tashkent; the Aprelevka Order of Lenin Factory, which was founded in 1910 and produces about 65 million records annually, is the firm’s largest enterprise. The firm has record shops in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Rīga, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, Tbilisi, Sverdlovsk, Novosibirsk, Kuibyshev, Khabarovsk, Rostov-on-Don, and Aktiubinsk.

Every year, Melodiya issues about 1,200 new stereophonic and monophonic titles (including soft plastic records, issued as sepa-rate records and as “recorded pages”supplementing the journals Krugozor and Kolobok, and as appendixes to books and journals), with a total volume of 190-200 million records and around 1 million cassette tapes (1973). Once in two or three years, Melodiya publishes catalogs of all its records, and on a quarterly basis, catalogs of new recordings. Melodiya’s records and tapes are exported to more than 70 countries. Many of its recordings have won international prizes.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
His extended discography includes albums on the Classical Records, Melodiya and Praga Digitals labels.
Sticking with Tchaikovsky, a recording of his heartbreaking opera Eugene Onegin which I have long treasured on LP is now available in a CD box set from Melodiya.
We thank Merle Samour and Dr Melodiya Magno for their constant support and involvement and Angelito Viola for the consistent technical laboratory assistance.
If one can have only one Obraztsova recording, it needs to be the Melodiya disk that's part of their Stars of the Bolshoi series.
One year later, in 1974, Melodiya issued an LP of Prokofiev's 44 musical numbers for Onegin based on the Dattel' edition, stitching the episodes together with a voice-over of appropriate stanzas extracted from Pushkin.
Beatles music was banned under the pretext of evil western intrusion in the Soviet Union, when the state record manufacturer Melodiya said, "musicians such as these, who have plunged to the depth of musical decline, do not deserve a place on Soviet records".
I WILL END WITH MY OWN recommendations, beginning with the Borodin String Quartet--the second of its two versions, made from 1978 to 1983, and now available on Melodiya. With the Borodin, one gets the sense that someone is urgently trying to speak to you and that there is warm blood pulsing through the veins of this music.
The Moscow concerts were recorded in the grand hall of the Moscow Tchaikovsky Conservatory and were issued in 1983 on a Melodiya LP (C90 18745 007).
A powerhouse of Canadian vocal artist is competing in the 2010 Junos, best Vocal or Choral performance category: soprano Adrianne Pieczonka for Adrianne Pieczonka Sings Puccini (Orfeo label); baritone Gerald Finley for Songs by Ravel (Hyperion); soprano Isabel Bayrakdarian for Gomidas Songs (Nonesuch); soprano Karina Gauvin for Porpora Arias (ATMA) and soprano Marianne Fiset for Melodiya: Glinka, Musssorgsky, Rachmaninov, Tchaikovsky (Analekta).
My pastor Jiri Pumr had an unbelievable collection of records, for example the Brandenburg Concertos with Sviatoslav Richter on the Melodiya Label or the complete records of the St.
Kabalevsky, I would hazard a guess, first came to many people's attention when his Cello Concerto No 2 was recorded to accompany the HMV Melodiya Shostakovich Symphony No 7 (Leningrad) vinyl box set around 1970.
Melodiya C 06499-500 and Chant du Monde LDX 78620, rel.