Meloidae


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Meloidae

[mə′lō·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The blister beetles, a large cosmopolitan family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Meloidea; characterized by soft, flexible elytra and the strongly vesicant properties of the body fluids.

Meloidae

 

(blister beetles), a family of beetles. The brightly colored body is from 0.5 to 5 cm long. The elytra are sometimes shortened. The blood contains the poisonous substance cantaridin. The beetles secrete acrid droplets of blood through openings in the leg joints as a protective reaction. The fluid causes human skin to blister. The larvae parasitize beehives, the nests of other Hymenoptera, and the egg pods of locusts; they undergo hyper-metamorphosis.

There are about 2, 500 species of blister beetles, distributed primarily in the tropics and subtropics. Approximately 200 species are found in the USSR; these primarily include representatives of the genera Meloë, Mylabris, Epicauta, and Lytta. The mature beetles feed on plants, thus damaging agricultural crops and tree and shrub plantings. Those Meloidae that destroy locust eggs—for example, Epicauta erythrocephala—are beneficial as parasites of the locust

References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, Batelka and Geisthardt mention records of 26 species of Meloidae from the UAE as published by Bologna and Turco (2007), but in the current book, they deal only with the 21 species collected by Van Harten and themselves.
Bologna, MA and Turco, F (2007) The Meloidae (Coleoptera) of the United Arab Emirates with an updated Arabian checklist.
C = Coleoptera; H = Hymenoptera Familia S Tenebrionidae(C) 30 Scarabaeidae (C) 16 Elateridae (C) 14 Mutillidae (H) 14 Carabidae (C) 11 Plumaridae (H) 9 Curculionidae (C) 8 Buprest idae (C) 7 Histeridae (C) 6 Anobidae (C) 3 Meloidae (C) 2 Tabla 3.
animal Chapulin Patas Estreoimiento Orthoptera: Acrididae Todo el Dolor al orinar animal Todo el Ninos que no hablan animal Escarabajo Liquido Verruga Coleoptera: Meloidae Grillo Todo el Tartamudos Gryllus sp.
Se encontraron familias con habitos generalistas temporales, que fueron capturados durante todos los anos independientemente de la epoca de muestreo, tales como Scolytidae, Staphylinidae, Scarabaeidae, Carabidae y Nitidulidae; especialistas espaciales que solo se encontraron en BTF como Cicindelidae o Noteridae y familias raras de las cuales solo se capturaron uno o dos individuos como Buprestidae, Coccinelidae, Dermestidae, Meloidae, Oedemeridae y Anobiidae, en un solo periodo y un habitat especifco.
Individuals of the family Meloidae were observed by Camillo et al.
Types of Meloidae (Coleoptera: Tenebronoidea) housed at the Museo de La Plata entomological collection (Argentina)
Selander (1960) suggested that the somewhat gregarious nature of Meloidae, including Lytta species, serves to maintain the adult beetles near nesting sites of host bees.