Melkarth

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Melkarth

 

(also Melkart, Melqart), a god in Phoenician religion and mythology; the patron of Tyre and of navigation. Melkarth was identified with the Greek hero Heracles. The cult of Melkarth required human sacrifices.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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(26) Day, Yahweh and the Gods, 68; The biblical Baal is identified by scholars with either Melqart or Baal Shamem.
Marshall Wace, GLG Partners, Wellington Management Company, Point72 Asset Management and Melqart Asset Management have all increased their bets against the company in the last two months.
During the first millennium it seems a multitude of gods are described as a source of gad, as reflected in the personal names gdmlqrt ("Melqart is fortune"), gd'strt ("Astarte is fortune"), gdnbw ("Nabu is fortune"), gdyhw ("YHW is fortune"), gdy'l ("El is fortune"), mlkmgd ("Milkom is fortune"), slmgd ("Slm is fortune").
The learned explanations in these chapters of Quinn's book are adorned with chapter or section titles--from Phantom Phoenicians to Melqart's Mediterranean--that testify to the author's craving for attractive story telling.
Por ultimo, el autor italiano centra su mirada en la cuestion identitaria, defendiendo la trascendencia que entre todas las comunidades fenicias mediterraneas tendran los origenes, la memoria y los ancestros en la construccion de unas identidades culturales que se vinculan con recurrencia al dios Melqart y a la ciudad de Tiro, siempre con el objetivo, un tanto paradojico, de adquirir una posicion de consistencia y cohesion social dentro de la variabilidad manifiesta que se reconoce desde el Levante hasta la Peninsula Iberica, pasando por Cerdena, Ibiza y el norte de Africa.
Por fim, temos ainda a mencao a outra festa, a da egersis (morte e ressureicao da divindade), como a de Melqart em Tiro, ocorrendo provavelmente entre janeiro e fevereiro.
Although Carthage developed along its own unique cultural trajectory, its Phoenician heritage remained central to Carthaginian identity, especially in the area of religion, as evinced by the continued importance of the worship of Melqart. Carthage typified the cultural melting pot of the Mediterranean, both absorbing aspects of Greek culture and exerting cultural influence in Sardinia, Sicily, and Italy, including Rome; e.g., Miles argues that the terra cotta statues from Sant'Omobono represent Heracles-Melqart and Aphrodite-Astarte (109).