Melrhir

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Melrhir

 

(also Chott Melrhir), a salt lake (sebkha) in the eastern Algerian Sahara, the largest in Algeria. Area, 6,700 sq km. It is situated in the center of an internal drainage basin, in a depression whose bottom is 26 m below sea level. During the rainy season (winter), it fills with water from temporary streams flowing from the Aures Mountains and the Saharan Atlas. During the dry season it dries up and turns into a salt marsh.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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| WHERE...in Africa is the lake Chott Melrhir? | WHEN...did the Nobel Prize-winning writer Henri Bergson die?
Cet appel d'offres, le premier dans le cadre de la nouvelle loi sur les hydrocarbures, comprend aussi six perimetres dans le nord du pays, a savoir Cheliff 2, Boughezoul qui vient d'etre attribue, Hodna Est, Ain Beida, Melrhir et El Ouabed, totalisant une superficie globale de 104.236,14 kmA.
For example, the Zone of Chotts, region of the Presaharian Tunisia, is situated in a series of tectonically controlled depressions that lie between the Atlas Mountains and the Saharan Platform, along a structural line, the so-called Sillon Tunisien or Tunisian trough, linking the Tripolitania trough, Libya, to the East, to the Chott Merouane-Chott Melrhir, Algeria, to the West (Burollet, 1991).
The term has been erroneously used for the large sebkhas in North Africa (Chott Djerid, el Gharsa, el Fedjadj, Melrhir, el Hodna).