Melville, George Wallace

Melville, George Wallace

(1841–1912) naval officer, Arctic explorer; born in New York City. As chief of the Bureau of Steam Engineering (1887–1903), he supervised the design of the machinery of 120 naval ships and introduced the water-tube boiler and triple-screw systems. He performed heroic services during an Arctic expedition (1879–81) and wrote In the Lena Delta (1885), an account of the voyages.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.