Menachem Begin


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Begin, Menachem

(mĕnä`khĕm bā`gĭn), 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree. Begin went to Palestine in 1942; there, he headed the Irgun, a militant organization that fought against the British Mandate authorities. After 1949 he sat in the Knesset, where he led the opposition to the Labor party. In May, 1977, Begin's right-wing Likud party defeated Labor for the first time, and Begin became prime minister. He shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize with Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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 as a result of the Camp David accordsCamp David accords,
popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C.
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. In 1982, Begin authorized a massive invasion of LebanonLebanon
, officially Lebanese Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 5,851,000), 4,015 sq mi (10,400 sq km), SW Asia. The country is bordered on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north and east by Syria and on the south by Israel. The capital is Beirut.
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 in order to destroy military bases of the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (see Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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). The war caused intense domestic and international pressure and failed to achieve Israel's principal aims. Begin resigned from office in 1983.

Bibliography

See A. Perlmutter, The Life and Times of Menachem Begin (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
Desde su llegada a Palestina en febrero de 1942 hasta su fallecimiento cinco decadas mas tarde, Menachem Begin tuvo una afiebrada participacion en el quehacer politico y militar israeli.
Michelson presents readers with a biography of Yehiel Kadishai, the right-hand man and chief confidant of Menachem Begin over the several decades between BeginAEs years with the opposition in the desert to his years as prime minister of Israel.
Menachem Begin's formative years were spent in Poland.
The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on
Over the years Walters has interviewed leaders like Cuba's Fidel Casto, Egypt's Anwar Sadat, Israel's Menachem Begin, and every US president and first lady since Richard Nixon.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- At least 4 people were injured in a car blast near the Israeli defense ministry in Menachem Begin Street, a major thoroughfare, on Thursday.
The fact that Menachem Begin, one of the Irgun leaders who would initially tested even Haganah's patience at times, later united Haganah and Lehi and ensured that these two organizations acted in unions, and, thanks to this, later served as prime minister of the newly established Israeli state is clear proof of the continuity between Irgun and Israel.
The second largest, the Irgun Zvai Leumi (IZL), was the underground group led by Menachem Begin that had spearheaded the Jewish revolt against the British during 1944-1947.
Among those profiled are Marie Curie, Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat, Ernest Hemingway, Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, James Watson and Francis Crick, Doris Lessing, and Paul Krugman, A book that can be dipped into or read straight through, this volume will have wide appeal.
"Peace in the Making: The Menachem Begin - Anwar El-Sadat Personal Correspondence" collects the primary sources as these two history makers communicated with each other until an assassin ended Sadat's life in 1981.
Both President Anwar Al Sadat of Egypt, and the Israeli Prime Minister, Menachem Begin, described the ceremony as an "historic turning point".
<![CDATA[ Arutz Sheva TV caught up with the partcipants of the Israel Government Fellows Program (IGF) at the Menachem Begin Heritage Center]]>