Menachem Begin

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Begin, Menachem

(mĕnä`khĕm bā`gĭn), 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree. Begin went to Palestine in 1942; there, he headed the Irgun, a militant organization that fought against the British Mandate authorities. After 1949 he sat in the Knesset, where he led the opposition to the Labor party. In May, 1977, Begin's right-wing Likud party defeated Labor for the first time, and Begin became prime minister. He shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize with Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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 as a result of the Camp David accordsCamp David accords,
popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C.
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. In 1982, Begin authorized a massive invasion of LebanonLebanon
, officially Lebanese Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,826,000), 4,015 sq mi (10,400 sq km), SW Asia. The country is bordered on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north and east by Syria and on the south by Israel. The capital is Beirut.
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 in order to destroy military bases of the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (see Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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). The war caused intense domestic and international pressure and failed to achieve Israel's principal aims. Begin resigned from office in 1983.

Bibliography

See A. Perlmutter, The Life and Times of Menachem Begin (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
Irgun had antecedents, but in the mid-1940s it acted at a time when its actions were decisive, and its publicity excellent, managed by Menahem Begin and Shmuel Katz.
Menahem Begin, quien en 1977 se convirtio en primer ministro de Israel, nombro a Sharon ministro de Agricultura.
Likud Prime Minister, Menahem Begin, did not accept that there was a Palestinian national identity, because he was convinced that such acceptance would undermine the moral claims of Zionism.
10 DICIEMBRE: El presidente egipcio Anuar El Sadat y el primer ministro israeli Menahem Begin obtienen el premio Nobel de la Paz.
The year was 1977 and the new prime minister was Menahem Begin.
The massacre was led by Menahem Begin in his capacity as head of the Irgun terrorist forces (The Irgun were responsible for several acts of terror, including the blowing up of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem).
El otro ejemplo es una conversacion que tuve con el entonces primer ministro Menahem Begin, en marzo de 1982, un dia despues del discurso de Mitterrand en la Kneset.
En agosto de 1981, Ariel Sharon fue nombrado secretario de Defensa por el primer ministro Menahem Begin.
Fue destituido como secretario de Defensa del gobierno de Menahem Begin.
Antano el Likud de Menahem Begin habia logrado captar a ese electorado, El Shass tomo el relevo de un Likud que se olvido de las capas populares y perdio su audiencia en ellas.
Las paginas mas negras del nacimiento del Estado de Israel y de la expulsion de 800,000 palestinos fueron firmadas por los hombres de Menahem Begin e Isaac Shamir, que 30 anos mas tarde encabezaron el Likud y el Estado judio.