Mendele mocher sforim

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Mendele mocher sforim

[Yid.,= Mendele the book peddler] (mĕn`dələ môkh`ər sfô`rĭm), pseud. of

Sholem Yakov Abramovich

(shō`ləm yä`kôv əbrämə`vĭch), 1836–1917, Yiddish novelist. Born in Minsk, and orphaned at 14, he traveled with beggars through Ukraine. His early writings were in Hebrew, but his later novels and short stories were written in Yiddish. He perfected a Yiddish prose style that greatly influenced later writers. Mendele translated many of his later works into Hebrew. Among his best-known writings, dealing with Jewish life in Russia, are Di kliatche [the mare] (1873) and The Travels of Benjamin the Third (1878). Strongly influenced by the secularizing trends of the Hebrew Enlightenment, or Haskalah, he attempted to influence the people to free themselves from the physical and intellectual restraints of the ghetto. He is considered the grandfather of modern Yiddish literature and the father of modern Hebrew literature.


See studies by D. Miron (1973) and T. L. Steinberg (1977).

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References in periodicals archive ?
I reacted like the two Jewish guys in the famous novel by the 19th century Yiddish/Hebrew writer, Mendele Mokher Seforim, that my class at my new school in Manhattan, the Herzliah Hebrew Teachers' Institute, was studying in Hebrew.
By using pseudonyms, Singer was following a long tradition in Yiddish literature; many, if not most, of the greatest names in Yiddish letters are pseudonyms: Sholem Aleichem, Mendele Mokher Seforim, Der Nister, H.
It is also a tantalizing travelogue told in the first person--as though Mendele Mokher Seforim were relating the "Travels of Curt the First" in a Sephardic accent.