Mendele mocher sforim

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Mendele mocher sforim

[Yid.,= Mendele the book peddler] (mĕn`dələ môkh`ər sfô`rĭm), pseud. of

Sholem Yakov Abramovich

(shō`ləm yä`kôv əbrämə`vĭch), 1836–1917, Yiddish novelist. Born in Minsk, and orphaned at 14, he traveled with beggars through Ukraine. His early writings were in Hebrew, but his later novels and short stories were written in Yiddish. He perfected a Yiddish prose style that greatly influenced later writers. Mendele translated many of his later works into Hebrew. Among his best-known writings, dealing with Jewish life in Russia, are Di kliatche [the mare] (1873) and The Travels of Benjamin the Third (1878). Strongly influenced by the secularizing trends of the Hebrew Enlightenment, or Haskalah, he attempted to influence the people to free themselves from the physical and intellectual restraints of the ghetto. He is considered the grandfather of modern Yiddish literature and the father of modern Hebrew literature.


See studies by D. Miron (1973) and T. L. Steinberg (1977).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, these new American Jewish men are completely cut off from the Yiddish culture of Europe, as is evident in the opening quote of the tale: "Bedbugs also have a right to life," declared one of Mendele Moykher Sforim's characters.
She considers the work of Mendele Moykher Sforim, Sholem Aleichem, Hayim Nahman Bialik, Y.L.
The shtetl underworld had been treated as early as 1865 in Der vintshfigerl (The Wishing-Ring) by Mendele Moykher Sforim; in 1909, when Bashevis was only five years old, I.M.
The literary games in which they engaged, and the narrative strategies derived from a cunning exploitation of intertextuality they developed, were so innovative that they challenged all who read them: Dik's influence is writ large all over subsequent Yiddish fiction from Mendele Moykher Sforim to Isaac Bashevis Singer.
The three "classic" Yiddish writers, Mendele Moykher Sforim, Sholem Aleichem, and I.